Lignin valorization allows the generation of a number of value-added products such as cis,cis-muconic acid (ccMA), which is widely used for the synthesis of chemicals for the production of biodegradable plastic materials. In the present work, we reported the first multi-enzymatic, one-pot bioconversion process of vanillin into ccMA. In details, we used four sequential reactions catalyzed by xanthine oxidase, O-demethylase LigM (and the tetrahydrofolate-regeneration enzyme methyl transferase MetE), decarboxylase AroY (based on the use of E. coli transformed cells) and catechol 1,2-dioxygenase CatA. The optimized lab-scale procedure allowed to reach, for the first time, the conversion of 5 mM vanillin into ccMA in ~ 30 h with a 90% yield: this achievement represents an improvement in terms of yields and time when compared to the use of a whole-cell system. This multi-enzymatic system represents a sustainable alternative for the production of a high value added product from a renewable resource.

Multi-enzymatic cascade reactions for the synthesis of cis,cis-muconic acid

Elisa Vignali
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Loredano Pollegioni
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Silvia Gazzola
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Elena Rosini
2022

Abstract

Lignin valorization allows the generation of a number of value-added products such as cis,cis-muconic acid (ccMA), which is widely used for the synthesis of chemicals for the production of biodegradable plastic materials. In the present work, we reported the first multi-enzymatic, one-pot bioconversion process of vanillin into ccMA. In details, we used four sequential reactions catalyzed by xanthine oxidase, O-demethylase LigM (and the tetrahydrofolate-regeneration enzyme methyl transferase MetE), decarboxylase AroY (based on the use of E. coli transformed cells) and catechol 1,2-dioxygenase CatA. The optimized lab-scale procedure allowed to reach, for the first time, the conversion of 5 mM vanillin into ccMA in ~ 30 h with a 90% yield: this achievement represents an improvement in terms of yields and time when compared to the use of a whole-cell system. This multi-enzymatic system represents a sustainable alternative for the production of a high value added product from a renewable resource.
Bioconversion; Cascade reaction; System biocatalysis; Lignin valorization; Enzyme catalysis
Vignali, Elisa; Pollegioni, Loredano; Di Nardo, Giovanna; Valetti, Francesca; Gazzola, Silvia; Gilardi, Gianfranco; Rosini, Elena
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2115844
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