Background: The Sda antigen and corresponding biosynthetic enzyme B4GALNT2 are primarily expressed in normal colonic mucosa and are down-regulated to a variable degree in colon cancer tissues. Although their expression profile is well studied, little is known about the underlying regulatory mechanisms. Methods: To clarify the molecular basis of Sda expression in the human gastrointestinal tract, we investigated the transcriptional regulation of the human B4GALNT2 gene. The proximal promoter region was delineated using luciferase assays and essential trans-acting factors were identified through transient overexpression and silencing of several transcription factors. Results: A short cis-regulatory region restricted to the −72 to +12 area upstream of the B4GALNT2 short-type transcript variant contained the essential promoter activity that drives the expression of the human B4GALNT2 regardless of the cell type. We further showed that B4GALNT2 transcriptional activation mostly requires ETS1 and to a lesser extent SP1. Conclusions: Results presented herein are expected to provide clues to better understand B4GALNT2 regulatory mechanisms.

Analysis of the proximal promoter of the human colon-specific B4GALNT2 (Sda synthase) gene: B4GALNT2 is transcriptionally regulated by ETS1

Trinchera M.;
2021

Abstract

Background: The Sda antigen and corresponding biosynthetic enzyme B4GALNT2 are primarily expressed in normal colonic mucosa and are down-regulated to a variable degree in colon cancer tissues. Although their expression profile is well studied, little is known about the underlying regulatory mechanisms. Methods: To clarify the molecular basis of Sda expression in the human gastrointestinal tract, we investigated the transcriptional regulation of the human B4GALNT2 gene. The proximal promoter region was delineated using luciferase assays and essential trans-acting factors were identified through transient overexpression and silencing of several transcription factors. Results: A short cis-regulatory region restricted to the −72 to +12 area upstream of the B4GALNT2 short-type transcript variant contained the essential promoter activity that drives the expression of the human B4GALNT2 regardless of the cell type. We further showed that B4GALNT2 transcriptional activation mostly requires ETS1 and to a lesser extent SP1. Conclusions: Results presented herein are expected to provide clues to better understand B4GALNT2 regulatory mechanisms.
B4GALNT2; Colon; Core promoter; ETS1; Transcriptional regulation
Wavelet-Vermuse, C.; Groux-Degroote, S.; Vicogne, D.; Cogez, V.; Venturi, G.; Trinchera, M.; Brysbaert, G.; Krzewinski-Recchi, M. -A.; Bachir, E. H.; Schulz, C.; Vincent, A.; Van Seuningen, I.; Harduin-Lepers, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2118164
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