Background: Radical nephrectomy (RN) and caval thrombectomy (CT) for renal cell carcinoma, with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is a challenging surgical approach. Objective: To assess peri-operative and oncologic outcomes of renal cell carcinoma patients treated with RN and CT, using ECC and DHCA. Design, setting, and participants: We retrospectively evaluated 46 patients who underwent RN and CT using ECC and DHCA. Surgical procedure: After retroperitoneal nodal dissection and RN, a cardiopulmonary bypass was placed and DHCA achieved. A combined approach through the abdomen and the thorax was described. Measurements: Perioperative and long-term survival outcomes were reported. Results and limitations: Median operative time and length of hospital stay were 545min and 22 d. Overall, 33 patients (72%) did not require any additional interventional or surgical treatment. Thirty-day and 90-d mortality were 11% (5/46) and 15% (7/46). The 1-yr, 2-yr, and 3-yr cancer specific mortality (CSM)-free survival rates were 77%, 62%, and 56%, respectively. After stratification, according to metastatic status at diagnosis, CSM-free survival rates were significantly lower for cM1 patients compared with cM0 patients (1-yr 46% vs 93%, 2-yr 23% vs 81%, 3-yr 23% vs 73%, p<0.01). Our study is limited by its retrospective and uncomparative nature. Conclusions: RN with CT using ECC and DHCA is a challenging procedure which requires a dedicated multidisciplinary working team to minimise complications and maximise patients' outcomes.

Perioperative and Oncologic Outcomes of Nephrectomy and Caval Thrombectomy Using Extracorporeal Circulation and Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest for Renal Cell Carcinoma Invading the Supradiaphragmatic Inferior Vena Cava and/or Right Atrium

Deho' F;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: Radical nephrectomy (RN) and caval thrombectomy (CT) for renal cell carcinoma, with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is a challenging surgical approach. Objective: To assess peri-operative and oncologic outcomes of renal cell carcinoma patients treated with RN and CT, using ECC and DHCA. Design, setting, and participants: We retrospectively evaluated 46 patients who underwent RN and CT using ECC and DHCA. Surgical procedure: After retroperitoneal nodal dissection and RN, a cardiopulmonary bypass was placed and DHCA achieved. A combined approach through the abdomen and the thorax was described. Measurements: Perioperative and long-term survival outcomes were reported. Results and limitations: Median operative time and length of hospital stay were 545min and 22 d. Overall, 33 patients (72%) did not require any additional interventional or surgical treatment. Thirty-day and 90-d mortality were 11% (5/46) and 15% (7/46). The 1-yr, 2-yr, and 3-yr cancer specific mortality (CSM)-free survival rates were 77%, 62%, and 56%, respectively. After stratification, according to metastatic status at diagnosis, CSM-free survival rates were significantly lower for cM1 patients compared with cM0 patients (1-yr 46% vs 93%, 2-yr 23% vs 81%, 3-yr 23% vs 73%, p<0.01). Our study is limited by its retrospective and uncomparative nature. Conclusions: RN with CT using ECC and DHCA is a challenging procedure which requires a dedicated multidisciplinary working team to minimise complications and maximise patients' outcomes.
2018
2017
Atrium; Caval thrombectomy; Extracorporeal circulation; Hypothermic circulatory arrest; Renal cell carcinoma; Thrombus
Nini, A; Capitanio, U; Larcher, A; Dell'Oglio, P; Deho', F; Suardi, N; Muttin, F; Carenzi, C; Freschi, M; Lucianò, R; La Croce, G; Briganti, A; Colombo, R; Salonia, A; Castiglioni, A; Rigatti, P; Montorsi, F; Bertini, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2118606
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