Background: We have recently suggested that bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) may work via a RNA directed mechanism while continuous infusion 5-FU may kill cells via a thymidylate synthase related pathway. It may thus be possible to selectively modulate each schedule biochemically. We have compared an alternating regimen of bolus and continuous infusion 5-FU, selectively modulated for the schedule of administration, with modulated bolus 5-FU in advanced colorectal cancer patients. Patients and methods: Two hundred fourteen patients from nineteen Italian centers were randomized to the control arm consisting of biweekly cycles of MTX, 200 mg/m2 on day 1, followed by bolus 5-FU 600 mg/m2 on day 2 and 6-S-leucovorin rescue, or to the experimental arm consisting of two biweekly cycles of the same regimen as in the control arm alternated to three weeks of continuous infusion 5-FU (200 mg/m2 day) + weekly bolus 6-S-leucovorin, 20 mg/m2. Results: Nine CR and twenty-seven PR were obtained on one hundred eleven evaluable patients treated in experimental arm (RR = 32%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 24%-42%), while two CR and eleven PR were observed among one hundred three evaluable patients in control arm (RR = 13%, 95% CI: 7%-21%). WHO grade 3-4 toxicity occurred in 13% of cycles of experimental arm and in 8% of cycles in control arm. The PFS was significantly longer in experimental arm (6.2 vs. 4.3 months, odds ratio 0.66, P = 0.003), while the overall survival was similar in both arms (14.8 months in experimental arm vs. 14.1 months in control arm); quality of life was similar as well. Eighty percent of patients receiving second-line chemotherapy in control arm were treated with continuous infusion 5-FU. Conclusions: Alternating, schedule-specific biochemical modulation of FU is more active than MTX --> 5-FU as first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. However, the overall survival was similar suggesting that alternating bolus and infusional 5-FU upfront may be as effective as giving them in sequence as first- and second-line treatment.

Schedule specific biochemical modulation of 5-fluorouracil in advanced colorectal cancer: A randomized study

Grossi F;
2000-01-01

Abstract

Background: We have recently suggested that bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) may work via a RNA directed mechanism while continuous infusion 5-FU may kill cells via a thymidylate synthase related pathway. It may thus be possible to selectively modulate each schedule biochemically. We have compared an alternating regimen of bolus and continuous infusion 5-FU, selectively modulated for the schedule of administration, with modulated bolus 5-FU in advanced colorectal cancer patients. Patients and methods: Two hundred fourteen patients from nineteen Italian centers were randomized to the control arm consisting of biweekly cycles of MTX, 200 mg/m2 on day 1, followed by bolus 5-FU 600 mg/m2 on day 2 and 6-S-leucovorin rescue, or to the experimental arm consisting of two biweekly cycles of the same regimen as in the control arm alternated to three weeks of continuous infusion 5-FU (200 mg/m2 day) + weekly bolus 6-S-leucovorin, 20 mg/m2. Results: Nine CR and twenty-seven PR were obtained on one hundred eleven evaluable patients treated in experimental arm (RR = 32%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 24%-42%), while two CR and eleven PR were observed among one hundred three evaluable patients in control arm (RR = 13%, 95% CI: 7%-21%). WHO grade 3-4 toxicity occurred in 13% of cycles of experimental arm and in 8% of cycles in control arm. The PFS was significantly longer in experimental arm (6.2 vs. 4.3 months, odds ratio 0.66, P = 0.003), while the overall survival was similar in both arms (14.8 months in experimental arm vs. 14.1 months in control arm); quality of life was similar as well. Eighty percent of patients receiving second-line chemotherapy in control arm were treated with continuous infusion 5-FU. Conclusions: Alternating, schedule-specific biochemical modulation of FU is more active than MTX --> 5-FU as first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. However, the overall survival was similar suggesting that alternating bolus and infusional 5-FU upfront may be as effective as giving them in sequence as first- and second-line treatment.
2000
5-fluorouracil; Advanced colorectal cancer; Biochemical modulation; Schedule of administration
Sobrero, A; Zaniboni, A; Frassineti, Gl; Aschele, C; Guglielmi, A; Giuliani, R; Ravaioli, A; Lanfranco, C; Caroti, C; Arnoldi, E; Barni, S; Gallo, L; Pessi, Ma; Turci, D; Cortesi, E; Grossi, F; Frontini, L; Piazza, E; Bruzzi, P; Labianca, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2118754
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