Background: Despite the therapeutic armamentarium for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has considerably expanded over the last thirty years, additional drugs are needed to improve care of this disease. JAK inhibitors (JAKinhibs) are small molecules able to interfere with the JAK/STAT pathway, involved in the pathogenesis of PsA. Tofacitinib and Upadacitinib were recently approved for the treatment of PsA. Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of JAKinhibs for the treatment of PsA. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify RCTs by electronic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE database until April 2021. RCTs were considered eligible if included only patients with PsA treated with JAKinhibs. The pooled efficacy and safety outcomes were calculated by meta-analysis and expressed as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Statistical heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 statistic. Results: Five RCTs for a total of 3293 PsA patients treated with different JAKinhibs or placebo were included (2 phase III studies on Tofacitinib, 1 phase II study on Filgotinib and 2 phase III studies on Upadacitinib). All the studies were judged at low risk of bias according to Cochrane criteria. JAKinhibs showed a significantly higher ACR20 response rate compared to placebo (OR 3.78, 95% CI 2.72–5.24, I^2 = 57%, random effect model).and were associated with a non-statistically significant higher risk of serious adverse events (OR 1.12, 95% CI 0.14–2.82, I^2 = 46%, random effect model). Conclusions: This is the first systematic review that performed a comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy and safety of JAKinhibs for PsA in RCTs. Our analysis suggests a statistically significant benefit of JAKinhibs that appear to be effective and safe over placebo for the treatment of PsA.

JAK inhibitors and psoriatic arthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Donadini M. P.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Squizzato A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021

Abstract

Background: Despite the therapeutic armamentarium for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has considerably expanded over the last thirty years, additional drugs are needed to improve care of this disease. JAK inhibitors (JAKinhibs) are small molecules able to interfere with the JAK/STAT pathway, involved in the pathogenesis of PsA. Tofacitinib and Upadacitinib were recently approved for the treatment of PsA. Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of JAKinhibs for the treatment of PsA. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify RCTs by electronic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE database until April 2021. RCTs were considered eligible if included only patients with PsA treated with JAKinhibs. The pooled efficacy and safety outcomes were calculated by meta-analysis and expressed as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Statistical heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 statistic. Results: Five RCTs for a total of 3293 PsA patients treated with different JAKinhibs or placebo were included (2 phase III studies on Tofacitinib, 1 phase II study on Filgotinib and 2 phase III studies on Upadacitinib). All the studies were judged at low risk of bias according to Cochrane criteria. JAKinhibs showed a significantly higher ACR20 response rate compared to placebo (OR 3.78, 95% CI 2.72–5.24, I^2 = 57%, random effect model).and were associated with a non-statistically significant higher risk of serious adverse events (OR 1.12, 95% CI 0.14–2.82, I^2 = 46%, random effect model). Conclusions: This is the first systematic review that performed a comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy and safety of JAKinhibs for PsA in RCTs. Our analysis suggests a statistically significant benefit of JAKinhibs that appear to be effective and safe over placebo for the treatment of PsA.
JAK inhibitors; Meta-analysis; Psoriatic arthritis; Randomized controlled trials; Systematic review; Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic; Humans; Arthritis, Psoriatic; Janus Kinase Inhibitors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2119951
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