Background: Dyslipidemia is recognized as one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Aim: This retrospective observational study was aimed to assess the effect of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors in dyslipidemic patients with a lipid profile not well controlled by maximally tolerated statin therapy or intolerant to these lipid-lowering drugs. We enrolled 151 patients, of whom, 119 were taking evolocumab and 32 alirocumab. Results: Total cholesterol significantly decreased progressively until the fourth year; after 4 years there was a significant reduction (-125.5 mg/dl, -51.5%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year and P < 0.05 vs 2 years) and -2.8 mg/dl (-2.3%) compared with the third year. Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) also decreased significantly until the fourth year. After 3 years, there was a significant reduction (-117.8 mg/dl, -71.5%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) and -13.9 mg/dl (-22.8%) compared with the second year; after 4 years there was a significant reduction (-121.4 mg/dl, -73.7%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year and P < 0.05 vs 2 years) and -3.6 mg/dl (-7.7%) compared with the third year. High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol increased significantly only during the fourth year of detection. After 3 years, there was a nonsignificant increase (4.9 mg/dl, 10.0%, P = 0.061 vs baseline) and 1.6 mg/dl (3.1%) compared with the second year; after 4 years, there was a significant increase (5.2 mg/dl, 10.6%, P < 0.05 vs baseline) and 0.3 mg/dl (0.6%) compared with the third year. The value of Tg was significantly reduced progressively until the second year and then stabilized in the third and fourth years. After 3 years, the value of Tg stabilized (-48.6 mg/dl, -32.4%, P < 0.01 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) and -4.8 mg/dl (-4.5%) compared with the second year; after 4 years (-46.4 mg/dl, -31.0%, P < 0.01 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) there was a slight and nonsignificant increase of 2.2 mg/dl (2.2%) compared with the third year. Regarding adverse events, both drugs were well tolerated. Conclusions: We showed that PCSK9 inhibitors are well tolerated and provide long-term significant LDL-C lowering in individuals with hyperlipidemia.

AIM: Dyslipidemia is recognized as one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. This retrospective observational study was aimed to assess the effect of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors in dyslipidemic patients with a lipid profile not well controlled by maximally tolerated statin therapy or intolerant to these lipid-lowering drugs. We enrolled 151 patients, of whom, 119 were taking evolocumab and 32 alirocumab. RESULTS: Total cholesterol significantly decreased progressively until the fourth year; after 4 years there was a significant reduction (-125.5 mg/dl, -51.5%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year and P < 0.05 vs 2 years) and -2.8 mg/dl (-2.3%) compared with the third year. Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) also decreased significantly until the fourth year. After 3 years, there was a significant reduction (-117.8 mg/dl, -71.5%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) and -13.9 mg/dl (-22.8%) compared with the second year; after 4 years there was a significant reduction (-121.4 mg/dl, -73.7%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year and P < 0.05 vs 2 years) and -3.6 mg/dl (-7.7%) compared with the third year. High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol increased significantly only during the fourth year of detection. After 3 years, there was a nonsignificant increase (4.9 mg/dl, 10.0%, P = 0.061 vs baseline) and 1.6 mg/dl (3.1%) compared with the second year; after 4 years, there was a significant increase (5.2 mg/dl, 10.6%, P < 0.05 vs baseline) and 0.3 mg/dl (0.6%) compared with the third year. The value of Tg was significantly reduced progressively until the second year and then stabilized in the third and fourth years. After 3 years, the value of Tg stabilized (-48.6 mg/dl, -32.4%, P < 0.01 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) and -4.8 mg/dl (-4.5%) compared with the second year; after 4 years (-46.4 mg/dl, -31.0%, P < 0.01 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) there was a slight and nonsignificant increase of 2.2 mg/dl (2.2%) compared with the third year. Regarding adverse events, both drugs were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that PCSK9 inhibitors are well tolerated and provide long-term significant LDL-C lowering in individuals with hyperlipidemia.

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors treatment in dyslipidemic patients: a real world prescription

Maresca, Andrea M;Tandurella, Nicolò;Guasti, Luigina
2022-01-01

Abstract

AIM: Dyslipidemia is recognized as one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. This retrospective observational study was aimed to assess the effect of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors in dyslipidemic patients with a lipid profile not well controlled by maximally tolerated statin therapy or intolerant to these lipid-lowering drugs. We enrolled 151 patients, of whom, 119 were taking evolocumab and 32 alirocumab. RESULTS: Total cholesterol significantly decreased progressively until the fourth year; after 4 years there was a significant reduction (-125.5 mg/dl, -51.5%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year and P < 0.05 vs 2 years) and -2.8 mg/dl (-2.3%) compared with the third year. Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) also decreased significantly until the fourth year. After 3 years, there was a significant reduction (-117.8 mg/dl, -71.5%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) and -13.9 mg/dl (-22.8%) compared with the second year; after 4 years there was a significant reduction (-121.4 mg/dl, -73.7%, P < 0.0001 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year and P < 0.05 vs 2 years) and -3.6 mg/dl (-7.7%) compared with the third year. High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol increased significantly only during the fourth year of detection. After 3 years, there was a nonsignificant increase (4.9 mg/dl, 10.0%, P = 0.061 vs baseline) and 1.6 mg/dl (3.1%) compared with the second year; after 4 years, there was a significant increase (5.2 mg/dl, 10.6%, P < 0.05 vs baseline) and 0.3 mg/dl (0.6%) compared with the third year. The value of Tg was significantly reduced progressively until the second year and then stabilized in the third and fourth years. After 3 years, the value of Tg stabilized (-48.6 mg/dl, -32.4%, P < 0.01 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) and -4.8 mg/dl (-4.5%) compared with the second year; after 4 years (-46.4 mg/dl, -31.0%, P < 0.01 vs baseline, and P < 0.05 vs 1 year) there was a slight and nonsignificant increase of 2.2 mg/dl (2.2%) compared with the third year. Regarding adverse events, both drugs were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that PCSK9 inhibitors are well tolerated and provide long-term significant LDL-C lowering in individuals with hyperlipidemia.
2022
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; Cholesterol; Cholesterol, HDL; Cholesterol, LDL; Dyslipidemias; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; PCSK9 Inhibitors; Retrospective Studies
Derosa, Giuseppe; Maffioli, Pamela; D'Angelo, Angela; Girola, Andrea; Colombo, Emanuela; Fiorenza, Anna Maria; Macias, José J Ceballos; Sanchez, Carolina L; Raddino, Riccardo; Pasini, Gian Franco; Triggiani, Marco; Maresca, Andrea M; Tandurella, Nicolò; Guasti, Luigina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2121613
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