Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most significant viral infection in hosts with compromised immune systems as solid organ transplant patients. Despite significant progress being made in the prevention of CMV disease in these patients, further therapeutic strategies for CMV disease and for the CMV reactivation prevention are needed. Here, we describe the outcome of the infusion of in vitro expanded CMV-reactive T-cells, taken from a healthy CMV-seropositive donor, in a liver-transplanted recipient with a refractory recurrent CMV. In this particular case, adoptive transfer of allogenic CMV-reactive T-lymphocytes resulted in the clearance of CMV infection and resolution of the pathological manifestations of the patient. In the study we also investigated circulating miRNAs, both cellular and viral, as potential biomarkers during the course of CMV infection. The results indicate that the infusion of allogenic CMV-reactive T-cells can be an effective strategy to treat CMV infection recurrence when the generation of autologous virus specific T cell clones is not possible.

Successful use of heterologous cmv-reactive t lymphocyte to treat severe refractory cytomegalovirus (Cmv) infection in a liver transplanted patient: Correlation of the host antiviral immune reconstitution with cmv viral load and cmv mirnome

Grossi P.
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Conaldi P. G.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most significant viral infection in hosts with compromised immune systems as solid organ transplant patients. Despite significant progress being made in the prevention of CMV disease in these patients, further therapeutic strategies for CMV disease and for the CMV reactivation prevention are needed. Here, we describe the outcome of the infusion of in vitro expanded CMV-reactive T-cells, taken from a healthy CMV-seropositive donor, in a liver-transplanted recipient with a refractory recurrent CMV. In this particular case, adoptive transfer of allogenic CMV-reactive T-lymphocytes resulted in the clearance of CMV infection and resolution of the pathological manifestations of the patient. In the study we also investigated circulating miRNAs, both cellular and viral, as potential biomarkers during the course of CMV infection. The results indicate that the infusion of allogenic CMV-reactive T-cells can be an effective strategy to treat CMV infection recurrence when the generation of autologous virus specific T cell clones is not possible.
2021
2021
Allogenic T-cells; Cytomegalovirus infection; Immunotherapy; Solid organ transplant; Viral miRNAs
Miele, M.; Gallo, A.; Di Bella, M.; Timoneri, F.; Barbera, F.; Sciveres, M.; Riva, S.; Grossi, P.; Conaldi, P. G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2123360
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