Genetic polymorphisms influencing muscle structure and metabolism may affect the phenotype of metabolic myopathies. We here analyze the possible influence of a wide panel of “exercise genes” on the severity and progression of respiratory dysfunction in late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD). We stratified patients with comparable age and disease duration according to the severity of their respiratory phenotype, assessed by both upright FVC% and postural drop in FVC%. We included 43 patients with LOPD (25 males, age 50.8 ± 13.6 yr) with a 2-yr follow-up since the beginning of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). Twenty-two patients showed a postural drop >25% T0, seven other patients developed it during the follow-up. We analyzed the relationship between the progression of respiratory dysfunction and genetic polymorphisms affecting muscle function and structure [angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), α-actinin 3 (ACTN3), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor a (PPR-a), angiotensin (AGT)], glycogen metabolism [glycogen synthase (GYS), glycogen synthase kinase-3 isoform b (GSK3b)], and autophagy [sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), autophagy-related gene 7 (ATG7)]. Individuals carrying two copies of the ACE D-allele shared a 24-fold increase in the risk of severe respiratory dysfunction and progression during the 2-yr follow-up. ACTN3-XX polymorphism was also associated with worse respiratory outcome. The study of exercise genes is of particular interest in respiratory muscles, due to their peculiar features, that is, continuous, low-intensity contraction and prominent recruitment of type I fibers. In line with previous observations on skeletal muscles, ACE-DD and ACTN3-XX genotypes were associated with indirect evidence of more severe respiratory phenotypes. On the contrary, polymorphisms related to autophagy and glycogen metabolism did not seem to influence respiratory muscles.

Polymorphism in exercise genes and respiratory function in late-onset Pompe disease

Carlucci A.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Genetic polymorphisms influencing muscle structure and metabolism may affect the phenotype of metabolic myopathies. We here analyze the possible influence of a wide panel of “exercise genes” on the severity and progression of respiratory dysfunction in late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD). We stratified patients with comparable age and disease duration according to the severity of their respiratory phenotype, assessed by both upright FVC% and postural drop in FVC%. We included 43 patients with LOPD (25 males, age 50.8 ± 13.6 yr) with a 2-yr follow-up since the beginning of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). Twenty-two patients showed a postural drop >25% T0, seven other patients developed it during the follow-up. We analyzed the relationship between the progression of respiratory dysfunction and genetic polymorphisms affecting muscle function and structure [angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), α-actinin 3 (ACTN3), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor a (PPR-a), angiotensin (AGT)], glycogen metabolism [glycogen synthase (GYS), glycogen synthase kinase-3 isoform b (GSK3b)], and autophagy [sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), autophagy-related gene 7 (ATG7)]. Individuals carrying two copies of the ACE D-allele shared a 24-fold increase in the risk of severe respiratory dysfunction and progression during the 2-yr follow-up. ACTN3-XX polymorphism was also associated with worse respiratory outcome. The study of exercise genes is of particular interest in respiratory muscles, due to their peculiar features, that is, continuous, low-intensity contraction and prominent recruitment of type I fibers. In line with previous observations on skeletal muscles, ACE-DD and ACTN3-XX genotypes were associated with indirect evidence of more severe respiratory phenotypes. On the contrary, polymorphisms related to autophagy and glycogen metabolism did not seem to influence respiratory muscles.
2021
2021
FVC postural drop; Genetic polymorphisms; Modifier genes; Pompe disease; Respiratory function
Ravaglia, S.; Malovini, A.; Cirio, S.; Danesino, C.; de Filippi, P.; Moggio, M.; Mongini, T.; Maggi, L.; Servidei, S.; Vianello, A.; Toscano, A.; Tonin, P.; Maioli, M. A.; Parini, R.; Filosto, M.; Crescimanno, G.; Arceri, S.; Piran, M.; Carlucci, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2124254
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