Municipal solid waste management is a multidisciplinary activity, that includes generation, source separation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and recovery, and, last but not least, disposal. The optimization of waste collection, through source separation, is compulsory where a landfill based management must be overcome. In this paper a few aspects related to the implementation of a Web-GIS based system are analysed. This approach is critically analysed referring to the experience of two Italian case studies and two additional extra European case studies. The first case is one of the best examples of selective collection optimization in Italy. The obtained efficiency is very high: 80% of waste is source separated for recycling purposes. In the second reference case the local administration is going to be faced with the optimization of waste collection through Web-GIS oriented technologies for the first time. The starting scenario is far from an optimized management of municipal solid waste. The last two case studies concern pilot experiences in China and Malaysia. Each step of the Web-GIS oriented strategy is comparatively discussed referring to typical scenarios of developed and transient economies. The main result is that transient economies are ready to move towards Web oriented tools for MSW management, but this opportunity is not yet well exploited in the sector.

Web-GIS oriented systems viability for municipal solid waste selective collection optimization in developed and transient economies

Rada, Elena Cristina;Ragazzi, Marco;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Municipal solid waste management is a multidisciplinary activity, that includes generation, source separation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and recovery, and, last but not least, disposal. The optimization of waste collection, through source separation, is compulsory where a landfill based management must be overcome. In this paper a few aspects related to the implementation of a Web-GIS based system are analysed. This approach is critically analysed referring to the experience of two Italian case studies and two additional extra European case studies. The first case is one of the best examples of selective collection optimization in Italy. The obtained efficiency is very high: 80% of waste is source separated for recycling purposes. In the second reference case the local administration is going to be faced with the optimization of waste collection through Web-GIS oriented technologies for the first time. The starting scenario is far from an optimized management of municipal solid waste. The last two case studies concern pilot experiences in China and Malaysia. Each step of the Web-GIS oriented strategy is comparatively discussed referring to typical scenarios of developed and transient economies. The main result is that transient economies are ready to move towards Web oriented tools for MSW management, but this opportunity is not yet well exploited in the sector.
2013
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0956053X
LeO system; MSW; Navigation; selective collection; Transponder; Web-GIS oriented
Rada, Elena Cristina; Ragazzi, Marco; P., Fedrizzi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2127009
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