Mushroom cell walls are rich in β‐glucans, long or short‐chain polymers of glucose subu-nits with β‐1,3 and β‐1,6 linkages, that are responsible for the linear and branching structures, re-spectively. β‐glucans from cereals, at variance, have no 1,6 linkages nor branching structures. Both immunomodulatory and anti‐inflammatory effects of mushrooms have been described using purified β‐glucans or fungi extracts on cellular and experimental models; their potential clinical use has been tested in different conditions, such as recurrent infections of the respiratory tract or complica-tions of major surgery. Another promising application of β‐glucans is on cancer, as adjuvant of con-ventional chemotherapy. β‐glucans may protect the cardiovascular system, ameliorating glucose, lipid metabolism, and blood pressure: these activities, observed for oat and barley β‐glucans, require confirmation in human studies with mushroom β‐glucans. On the other hand, mushrooms may also protect the cardiovascular system via a number of other components, such as bioactive phenolic compounds, vitamins, and mineral elements. The growing knowledge on the mechanism(s) and health benefits of mushrooms is encouraging the development of a potential clinical use of β‐glu-cans, and also to further document their role in preserving health and prevent disease in the context of healthy lifestyles.

Edible mushrooms and beta‐glucans: Impact on human health

Iacoviello L.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Mushroom cell walls are rich in β‐glucans, long or short‐chain polymers of glucose subu-nits with β‐1,3 and β‐1,6 linkages, that are responsible for the linear and branching structures, re-spectively. β‐glucans from cereals, at variance, have no 1,6 linkages nor branching structures. Both immunomodulatory and anti‐inflammatory effects of mushrooms have been described using purified β‐glucans or fungi extracts on cellular and experimental models; their potential clinical use has been tested in different conditions, such as recurrent infections of the respiratory tract or complica-tions of major surgery. Another promising application of β‐glucans is on cancer, as adjuvant of con-ventional chemotherapy. β‐glucans may protect the cardiovascular system, ameliorating glucose, lipid metabolism, and blood pressure: these activities, observed for oat and barley β‐glucans, require confirmation in human studies with mushroom β‐glucans. On the other hand, mushrooms may also protect the cardiovascular system via a number of other components, such as bioactive phenolic compounds, vitamins, and mineral elements. The growing knowledge on the mechanism(s) and health benefits of mushrooms is encouraging the development of a potential clinical use of β‐glu-cans, and also to further document their role in preserving health and prevent disease in the context of healthy lifestyles.
2021
Cancer adjuvant; Cardiometa-bolic system; Healthy diet; Immune modulation; Microbiota; Mushrooms; β‐glucans
Cerletti, C.; Esposito, S.; Iacoviello, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2130134
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