Background: Left ventricular free-wall rupture (LVFWR) is one of the most lethal complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The optimal therapeutic strategy is controversial. The current meta-analysis sought to examine the outcome of patients surgically treated for post-AMI LVFWR. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was performed to identify articles reporting outcomes of subjects who underwent LVFWR surgical repair. The primary endpoint was operative mortality. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the associations of predefined variables of interest and clinical prognosis. Results: Of the 3132 retrieved articles, 11 nonrandomized studies, enrolling a total of 363 patients, fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in this analysis. The mean age of patients was 68 years. The operative mortality rate was 32% (n = 115). Meta-analysis revealed reduced operative risk in patients with oozing type rupture, as compared to blowout type (risk ratios [RR]: 0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.33–0.67; p <.0001); RR was also significantly reduced in subjects in whom LVFWR was treated with sutureless technique, as compared to those undergoing sutured repair (RR: 0.59; 95% CI: 0.41–0.83; p =.002). Increased risk of operative mortality was demonstrated in patients who required postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support (RR: 2.39; 95% CI: 1.59–3.60; p <.0001). Conclusions: Surgical treatment of postinfarction LVFWR has a high operative mortality rate. Blowout rupture, sutured repair and postoperative ECMO support are factors associated with increased risk of operative mortality.

Meta-analysis of surgical treatment for postinfarction left ventricular free-wall rupture

Matteucci M.
;
Ronco D.;Beghi C.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular free-wall rupture (LVFWR) is one of the most lethal complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The optimal therapeutic strategy is controversial. The current meta-analysis sought to examine the outcome of patients surgically treated for post-AMI LVFWR. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was performed to identify articles reporting outcomes of subjects who underwent LVFWR surgical repair. The primary endpoint was operative mortality. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the associations of predefined variables of interest and clinical prognosis. Results: Of the 3132 retrieved articles, 11 nonrandomized studies, enrolling a total of 363 patients, fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in this analysis. The mean age of patients was 68 years. The operative mortality rate was 32% (n = 115). Meta-analysis revealed reduced operative risk in patients with oozing type rupture, as compared to blowout type (risk ratios [RR]: 0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.33–0.67; p <.0001); RR was also significantly reduced in subjects in whom LVFWR was treated with sutureless technique, as compared to those undergoing sutured repair (RR: 0.59; 95% CI: 0.41–0.83; p =.002). Increased risk of operative mortality was demonstrated in patients who required postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support (RR: 2.39; 95% CI: 1.59–3.60; p <.0001). Conclusions: Surgical treatment of postinfarction LVFWR has a high operative mortality rate. Blowout rupture, sutured repair and postoperative ECMO support are factors associated with increased risk of operative mortality.
2021
acute myocardial infarction; surgical repair; ventricular rupture; Aged; Humans; Odds Ratio; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; Heart Rupture; Heart Rupture, Post-Infarction; Myocardial Infarction
Matteucci, M.; Formica, F.; Kowalewski, M.; Massimi, G.; Ronco, D.; Beghi, C.; Lorusso, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2130472
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