Enzymatic degradation is a promising green approach to bioremediation and recycling of the polymer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). In the past few years, several PET-hydrolysing enzymes (PHEs) have been discovered, and new variants have been evolved by protein engineering. Here, we report on a straightforward workflow employing semi-rational protein engineering com-bined to a high-throughput screening of variant libraries for their activity on PET nanoparticles. Using this approach, starting from the double variant W159H/S238F of Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 PETase, the W159H/F238A-ΔIsPET variant, possessing a higher hydrolytic activity on PET, was identified. This variant was stabilized by introducing two additional known substitutions (S121E and D186H) generating the TS-ΔIsPET variant. By using 0.1 mg mL−1 of TS-ΔIsPET, ~10.6 mM of degradation products were produced in 2 days from 9 mg mL−1 PET microparticles (~26% depoly-merization yield). Indeed, TS-ΔIsPET allowed a massive degradation of PET nanoparticles (>80% depolymerization yield) in 1.5 h using only 20 μg of enzyme mL−1. The rationale underlying the effect on the catalytic parameters due to the F238A substitution was studied by enzymatic investigation and molecular dynamics/docking analysis. The present workflow is a well-suited protocol for the evolution of PHEs to help generate an efficient enzymatic toolbox for polyester degradation.

An efficient protein evolution workflow for the improvement of bacterial PET hydrolyzing enzymes

Pirillo V.
Primo
;
Orlando M.;Tessaro D.;Pollegioni L.
;
Molla G.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Enzymatic degradation is a promising green approach to bioremediation and recycling of the polymer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). In the past few years, several PET-hydrolysing enzymes (PHEs) have been discovered, and new variants have been evolved by protein engineering. Here, we report on a straightforward workflow employing semi-rational protein engineering com-bined to a high-throughput screening of variant libraries for their activity on PET nanoparticles. Using this approach, starting from the double variant W159H/S238F of Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 PETase, the W159H/F238A-ΔIsPET variant, possessing a higher hydrolytic activity on PET, was identified. This variant was stabilized by introducing two additional known substitutions (S121E and D186H) generating the TS-ΔIsPET variant. By using 0.1 mg mL−1 of TS-ΔIsPET, ~10.6 mM of degradation products were produced in 2 days from 9 mg mL−1 PET microparticles (~26% depoly-merization yield). Indeed, TS-ΔIsPET allowed a massive degradation of PET nanoparticles (>80% depolymerization yield) in 1.5 h using only 20 μg of enzyme mL−1. The rationale underlying the effect on the catalytic parameters due to the F238A substitution was studied by enzymatic investigation and molecular dynamics/docking analysis. The present workflow is a well-suited protocol for the evolution of PHEs to help generate an efficient enzymatic toolbox for polyester degradation.
2022
Biocatalysis; Biodegradation; Hydrolases; Polyethylene terephthalate; Protein engineering; Bacteria; Biodegradation, Environmental; Computer Simulation; Enzyme Stability; Enzymes; Hydrolysis; Kinetics; Microplastics; Molecular Dynamics Simulation; Nanoparticles; Polyethylene Terephthalates; Temperature; Protein Engineering
Pirillo, V.; Orlando, M.; Tessaro, D.; Pollegioni, L.; Molla, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2131272
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