Objective: To compare the outcomes of heparin bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (HePTFE) and autologous saphenous vein (ASV) in patients undergoing below-knee (BK) femoro-popliteal bypass for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Design: Retrospective single-centre matched case–control study. Methods: From 2003 to 2019, 275 consecutive BK bypasses for CLI were performed, 109 with the ASV and 166 with a HePTFE graft. All the baseline characteristics that were reliably measured and were potentially relevant in the decision-making process were included as confounders in a logistic regression model and the factors that were significantly different between the two groups then used to perform a propensity matching analysis. Propensity score-based matching was performed in a 1:1 ratio to compare outcomes. Arterial hypertension, hyperlipemia, the need for tibial anastomosis at the distal level and the run-off status were the covariates included in the matching. Follow-up outcomes were estimated by Kaplan–Meier methods and compared with log rank test. Results: After propensity matching, 101 HePTFE bypasses were matched with 101 ASV bypasses. The median duration of follow-up was 37 months (range 1–192). The 5-year survival rate was 67.5% (standard error (SE) 0.05) in the HePTFe group and 64.5% (SE 0.06) in the ASV group (p = 0.8, log rank 0.04). Primary patency rates were 38% (SE 0.06) in the HePTFE group and 41% (SE 0.06) in the ASV group (p = 0.7, log rank 0.3). Also assisted primary patency and secondary patency rates did not differ in the two groups. Amputation-free survival was 53% (SE 0.05) in the HePTFE group and 58% (SE 0.06) in the ASF group (p = 0.6, log rank 0.2). Conclusions: HePTFE provided 5-year similar results to those obtained with use of the ASV in equivalent patients with CLI undergoing below-knee or tibial bypass.

Autologous saphenous vein and heparin-bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene as graft materials for below-the-knee femoro-popliteal bypass in patients with critical limb ischemia: A propensity score-matched analysis

Piffaretti G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To compare the outcomes of heparin bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (HePTFE) and autologous saphenous vein (ASV) in patients undergoing below-knee (BK) femoro-popliteal bypass for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Design: Retrospective single-centre matched case–control study. Methods: From 2003 to 2019, 275 consecutive BK bypasses for CLI were performed, 109 with the ASV and 166 with a HePTFE graft. All the baseline characteristics that were reliably measured and were potentially relevant in the decision-making process were included as confounders in a logistic regression model and the factors that were significantly different between the two groups then used to perform a propensity matching analysis. Propensity score-based matching was performed in a 1:1 ratio to compare outcomes. Arterial hypertension, hyperlipemia, the need for tibial anastomosis at the distal level and the run-off status were the covariates included in the matching. Follow-up outcomes were estimated by Kaplan–Meier methods and compared with log rank test. Results: After propensity matching, 101 HePTFE bypasses were matched with 101 ASV bypasses. The median duration of follow-up was 37 months (range 1–192). The 5-year survival rate was 67.5% (standard error (SE) 0.05) in the HePTFe group and 64.5% (SE 0.06) in the ASV group (p = 0.8, log rank 0.04). Primary patency rates were 38% (SE 0.06) in the HePTFE group and 41% (SE 0.06) in the ASV group (p = 0.7, log rank 0.3). Also assisted primary patency and secondary patency rates did not differ in the two groups. Amputation-free survival was 53% (SE 0.05) in the HePTFE group and 58% (SE 0.06) in the ASF group (p = 0.6, log rank 0.2). Conclusions: HePTFE provided 5-year similar results to those obtained with use of the ASV in equivalent patients with CLI undergoing below-knee or tibial bypass.
2021
2021
Autologous vein; Comparison; Critical limb ischemia; Heparin bonded ePTFE; Infrainguinal bypass
Dorigo, W.; Fargion, A.; Bassoli, G.; Di Domenico, R.; Giacomelli, E.; Piffaretti, G.; Alessi Innocenti, A.; Pratesi, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2134812
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