Background: The choice of the best reconstruction technique after distal gastrectomy (DG) remains controversial and still not defined. The purpose was to perform a comprehensive evaluation within the major type of intestinal reconstruction after DG for gastric cancer. Methods: Systematic review and network meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare Billroth I (BI), Billroth II (BII), Billroth II Braun (BII Braun), Roux-en-Y (RY), and Uncut Roux-en-Y (URY). Risk ratio (RR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were used as pooled effect size measures while 95% credible intervals (CrI) were used to assess relative inference. Results: Ten RCTs (1456 patients) were included. Of these, 448 (33.7%) underwent BI, 220 (15.1%) BII, 114 BII Braun (7.8%), 533 (36.6%) RY, and 141 URY (9.6%). No significant differences were found among treatments for 30-day mortality, anastomotic leak, anastomotic stricture, and overall complications. At 12-month follow-up, RY was associated with a significantly reduced risk of remnant gastritis compared to BI (RR=0.56; 95% Crl 0.35–0.76) and BII reconstruction (RR=0.47; 95% Crl 0.22–0.97). Similarly, despite the lack of statistical significance, RY seems associated with a trend toward reduced endoscopically proven esophagitis compared to BI (RR=0.58; 95% Crl 0.24–1.51) and bile reflux compared to BI (RR=0.48; 95% Crl 0.17–1.41), BII (RR=0.74; 95% Crl 0.20–2.81), and BII Braun (RR=0.65; 95% Crl 0.30–1.43). Conclusions: This network meta-analysis shows that there are five main options for intestinal anastomosis after DG. All techniques seem equally safe with comparable anastomotic leak, anastomotic stricture, overall morbidity, and short-term outcomes. In the short-term follow-up (12 months), RY seems associated with a reduced risk of remnant gastritis and a trend toward a reduced risk of bile reflux and esophagitis.

Techniques for reconstruction after distal gastrectomy for cancer: updated network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Lombardo F.
Primo
;
Cavalli M.;Campanelli G.
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Background: The choice of the best reconstruction technique after distal gastrectomy (DG) remains controversial and still not defined. The purpose was to perform a comprehensive evaluation within the major type of intestinal reconstruction after DG for gastric cancer. Methods: Systematic review and network meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare Billroth I (BI), Billroth II (BII), Billroth II Braun (BII Braun), Roux-en-Y (RY), and Uncut Roux-en-Y (URY). Risk ratio (RR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were used as pooled effect size measures while 95% credible intervals (CrI) were used to assess relative inference. Results: Ten RCTs (1456 patients) were included. Of these, 448 (33.7%) underwent BI, 220 (15.1%) BII, 114 BII Braun (7.8%), 533 (36.6%) RY, and 141 URY (9.6%). No significant differences were found among treatments for 30-day mortality, anastomotic leak, anastomotic stricture, and overall complications. At 12-month follow-up, RY was associated with a significantly reduced risk of remnant gastritis compared to BI (RR=0.56; 95% Crl 0.35–0.76) and BII reconstruction (RR=0.47; 95% Crl 0.22–0.97). Similarly, despite the lack of statistical significance, RY seems associated with a trend toward reduced endoscopically proven esophagitis compared to BI (RR=0.58; 95% Crl 0.24–1.51) and bile reflux compared to BI (RR=0.48; 95% Crl 0.17–1.41), BII (RR=0.74; 95% Crl 0.20–2.81), and BII Braun (RR=0.65; 95% Crl 0.30–1.43). Conclusions: This network meta-analysis shows that there are five main options for intestinal anastomosis after DG. All techniques seem equally safe with comparable anastomotic leak, anastomotic stricture, overall morbidity, and short-term outcomes. In the short-term follow-up (12 months), RY seems associated with a reduced risk of remnant gastritis and a trend toward a reduced risk of bile reflux and esophagitis.
Billroth I; Billroth II; Billroth II Braun; Network meta-analysis; Roux-en-Y; Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y; Gastroenterostomy; Humans; Network Meta-Analysis; Postoperative Complications; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Treatment Outcome; Gastrectomy; Stomach Neoplasms
Lombardo, F.; Aiolfi, A.; Cavalli, M.; Mini, E.; Lastraioli, C.; Panizzo, V.; Lanzaro, A.; Bonitta, G.; Danelli, P.; Campanelli, G.; Bona, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2135168
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