Objective: The upcoming introduction of mepolizumab represents a promising treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of mepolizumab on sinonasal outcomes of comorbid CRSwNP and severe asthma in a real-life setting. The primary endpoint was to evaluate changes in the SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22 score, Nasal Polyp (NP) score, and blood eosinophil count during a 12-month treatment with mepolizumab. Secondary endpoints were to quantify mepolizumab's effects on the mentioned parameters, identify clinical variables influencing the degree of response to treatment, and portray responder and nonresponder patients. Methods: A multicentric retrospective no-profit observational study on severe asthmatic patients, treated with mepolizumab, and comorbid CRSwNP was conducted. All patients were followed for at least 12 months. SNOT-22 score, NP score, and blood eosinophil count (and other CRS-specific variables) were collected at baseline and after 12 months. Results: Forty-three patients were included. A statistically significant reduction was observed for SNOT-22 score (mean t0 SNOT-22 54.8 +/- 25.9; mean t12 SNOT-22 31.5 +/- 21.3, p < 0.0001), NP score (median t0 NPS 3 (IQR 3); median t12 NPS 2 (IQR 4), p < 0.0001), and blood eosinophil count (mean t0 blood eosinophils 804.7 +/- 461.5 cell/mu L; mean t12 blood eosinophils 107.5 +/- 104.6 cell/mu L, p < 0.0001) after 12 months of treatment. Twenty patients (47%) gained improvement both in clinical and endoscopic outcome. Mepolizumab responder patients presented a t0 SNOT-22 significantly higher than nonresponders (p = 0.0011). Conclusions: Mepolizumab improved CRSwNP outcomes in a population of severe asthmatic patients. No clinical feature emerged to outline the profile of a "typical" responder patient, except for baseline SNOT-22 score, which seemed to affect the response to treatment. Further studies would be necessary to supplement these preliminary evaluations.

Mepolizumab Improves Outcomes of Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps in Severe Asthmatic Patients: A Multicentric Real-Life Study

Gallo S.;Castelnuovo P.;Spirito L.
;
Visca D.;Spanevello A.;
2022

Abstract

Objective: The upcoming introduction of mepolizumab represents a promising treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of mepolizumab on sinonasal outcomes of comorbid CRSwNP and severe asthma in a real-life setting. The primary endpoint was to evaluate changes in the SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22 score, Nasal Polyp (NP) score, and blood eosinophil count during a 12-month treatment with mepolizumab. Secondary endpoints were to quantify mepolizumab's effects on the mentioned parameters, identify clinical variables influencing the degree of response to treatment, and portray responder and nonresponder patients. Methods: A multicentric retrospective no-profit observational study on severe asthmatic patients, treated with mepolizumab, and comorbid CRSwNP was conducted. All patients were followed for at least 12 months. SNOT-22 score, NP score, and blood eosinophil count (and other CRS-specific variables) were collected at baseline and after 12 months. Results: Forty-three patients were included. A statistically significant reduction was observed for SNOT-22 score (mean t0 SNOT-22 54.8 +/- 25.9; mean t12 SNOT-22 31.5 +/- 21.3, p < 0.0001), NP score (median t0 NPS 3 (IQR 3); median t12 NPS 2 (IQR 4), p < 0.0001), and blood eosinophil count (mean t0 blood eosinophils 804.7 +/- 461.5 cell/mu L; mean t12 blood eosinophils 107.5 +/- 104.6 cell/mu L, p < 0.0001) after 12 months of treatment. Twenty patients (47%) gained improvement both in clinical and endoscopic outcome. Mepolizumab responder patients presented a t0 SNOT-22 significantly higher than nonresponders (p = 0.0011). Conclusions: Mepolizumab improved CRSwNP outcomes in a population of severe asthmatic patients. No clinical feature emerged to outline the profile of a "typical" responder patient, except for baseline SNOT-22 score, which seemed to affect the response to treatment. Further studies would be necessary to supplement these preliminary evaluations.
IL-5; SNOT-22; biologics; chronic rhinosinusitis; eosinophil; mepolizumab; nasal polyp score; nasal polyps; severe asthma
Gallo, S.; Castelnuovo, P.; Spirito, L.; Feduzi, M.; Seccia, V.; Visca, D.; Spanevello, A.; Statuti, E.; Latorre, M.; Montuori, C.; Rizzi, A.; Boccabella, C.; Bonini, M.; De Corso, E.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2140331
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact