Objectives: Our aim was to analyze the prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in lung transplant donors and to evaluate its influence on donor-derived bacterial infections.Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of adult patients who underwent lung transplantation (2013-2016) at our hospital. Donor-derived bacterial infection was defined as the isolation of the same bacteria with identical antibiotic susceptibility patterns in the recipient and the perioperative cultures from the donor during the first month posttransplantation. We utilized a preventive antibiotic strategy adapted to the bacteria identified in donor cultures using systemic and nebulized antibiotics.Results: 252 lung transplant recipients and 243 donors were included. In 138/243 (56.8%) donors, one bacterial species was isolated from at least one sample; graft colonization (118/243; 48.6%), blood cultures (5/243; 2.1%) and the contamination of preservation fluids (56/243; 23%). Multidrug-resistant bacteria were isolated from 12/243 (4.9%) donors; four Enterobacterales, four Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, three Pseudomonas aeruginosa and one methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. There was no transmission of these multidrug-resistant bacteria. Donor-derived infections, primarily tracheobronchitis due to non-MDR bacteria, were diagnosed in 7/253 (2.9%) recipients, with good clinical outcomes.Conclusions: The lungs of donors colonized with multidrug-resistant bacteria may be safely used when recipients receive prompt tailored antibiotic treatment. (C) 2019 The British Infection Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Donor-derived bacterial infections in lung transplant recipients in the era of multidrug resistance

Peghin, Maddalena;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Our aim was to analyze the prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in lung transplant donors and to evaluate its influence on donor-derived bacterial infections.Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of adult patients who underwent lung transplantation (2013-2016) at our hospital. Donor-derived bacterial infection was defined as the isolation of the same bacteria with identical antibiotic susceptibility patterns in the recipient and the perioperative cultures from the donor during the first month posttransplantation. We utilized a preventive antibiotic strategy adapted to the bacteria identified in donor cultures using systemic and nebulized antibiotics.Results: 252 lung transplant recipients and 243 donors were included. In 138/243 (56.8%) donors, one bacterial species was isolated from at least one sample; graft colonization (118/243; 48.6%), blood cultures (5/243; 2.1%) and the contamination of preservation fluids (56/243; 23%). Multidrug-resistant bacteria were isolated from 12/243 (4.9%) donors; four Enterobacterales, four Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, three Pseudomonas aeruginosa and one methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. There was no transmission of these multidrug-resistant bacteria. Donor-derived infections, primarily tracheobronchitis due to non-MDR bacteria, were diagnosed in 7/253 (2.9%) recipients, with good clinical outcomes.Conclusions: The lungs of donors colonized with multidrug-resistant bacteria may be safely used when recipients receive prompt tailored antibiotic treatment. (C) 2019 The British Infection Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2020
2019
Donor-derived infection; Lung transplantation; Multidrug resistance; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia; Adult; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial; Humans; Lung; Retrospective Studies; Transplant Recipients; Bacterial Infections; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bunsow, Eleonora; Los-Arcos, Ibai; Martin-Gómez, María Teresa; Bello, Irene; Pont, Teresa; Berastegui, Cristina; Ferrer, Ricard; Nuvials, Xavier; Deu,...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2140653
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