The aim of this study was to assess the long-term dynamics and factors associated with the serological response against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 after primary infection. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted with monthly serological follow-up during the first 4 months, and then at 6, 8, and 10 months after the disease onset of all recovered adult in- and outpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) attending Udine Hospital (Italy) during the first wave (from March to May 2020). A total of 546 individuals were included (289 female, mean age 53.1 years), mostly with mild COVID-19 (370, 68.3%). Patients were followed for a median of 302 days (interquartile range, 186 to 311). The overall seroconversion rate within 2 months was 32% for IgM and 90% for IgG. Seroreversion was observed in 90% of patients for IgM at 4 months and in 47% for IgG at 10 months. Older age, number of symptoms at acute onset, and severity of acute COVID-19 were all independent predictors of long-term immunity both for IgM (beta, linear regression coefficient, 1.10, P = 0.001; beta 5.15 P = 0.014; beta 43.84 P = 0.021, respectively) and for IgG (beta 1.43 P < 0.001; beta 10.46 P < 0.001; beta 46.79 P, 0.001, respectively), whereas the initial IgG peak was associated only with IgG duration (beta 1.12, P < 0.001). IgM antibodies disappeared at 4 months, and IgG antibodies declined in about half of patients 10 months after acute COVID-19. These effects varied depending on the intensity of the initial antibody response, age, and burden of acute COVID-19.

The Fall in Antibody Response to SARS-CoV-2: a Longitudinal Study of Asymptomatic to Critically Ill Patients Up to 10 Months after Recovery

Peghin, Maddalena
;
2021

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the long-term dynamics and factors associated with the serological response against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 after primary infection. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted with monthly serological follow-up during the first 4 months, and then at 6, 8, and 10 months after the disease onset of all recovered adult in- and outpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) attending Udine Hospital (Italy) during the first wave (from March to May 2020). A total of 546 individuals were included (289 female, mean age 53.1 years), mostly with mild COVID-19 (370, 68.3%). Patients were followed for a median of 302 days (interquartile range, 186 to 311). The overall seroconversion rate within 2 months was 32% for IgM and 90% for IgG. Seroreversion was observed in 90% of patients for IgM at 4 months and in 47% for IgG at 10 months. Older age, number of symptoms at acute onset, and severity of acute COVID-19 were all independent predictors of long-term immunity both for IgM (beta, linear regression coefficient, 1.10, P = 0.001; beta 5.15 P = 0.014; beta 43.84 P = 0.021, respectively) and for IgG (beta 1.43 P < 0.001; beta 10.46 P < 0.001; beta 46.79 P, 0.001, respectively), whereas the initial IgG peak was associated only with IgG duration (beta 1.12, P < 0.001). IgM antibodies disappeared at 4 months, and IgG antibodies declined in about half of patients 10 months after acute COVID-19. These effects varied depending on the intensity of the initial antibody response, age, and burden of acute COVID-19.
SARS-CoV-2 IgG; SARS-CoV-2 IgM; SARS-CoV-2 antibodies; SARS-CoV-2 serology; longitudinal study; Adult; Aged; Antibodies, Viral; Antibody Formation; Critical Illness; Female; Humans; Immunoglobulin M; Longitudinal Studies; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2
Peghin, Maddalena; De Martino, Maria; Fabris, Martina; Palese, Alvisa; Visintini, Erica; Graziano, Elena; Gerussi, Valentina; Bontempo, Giulia; D'Aurizio, Federica; Biasotto, Alessia; Sartor, Assunta; Pipan, Corrado; Marzinotto, Stefania; Curcio, Francesco; Bouza, Emilio; Isola, Miriam; Tascini, Carlo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2140693
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact