The efficient detection of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) is of paramount importance in the development of reliable sensing devices for safety applications. In particular, the increased threats of chemical attacks by terrorist organizations have stimulated a significant interest in the early detection of CWAs. Due to the high toxicity and necessity of special infrastructures for storage/manipulation of CWAs, the activities aimed at their detection are carried out on mimicking compounds compatible with lab test security level. In this context, the recognition of di(propylene glycol) monomethyl ether (DPGME), a simulant of the vesicant nitrogen mustard, is of key importance. Among the various devices adopted for CWA sensing, chemoresistive gas sensors based on nanostructured metal oxides offer various advantages, encompassing low cost, limited power consumption, and good stability/sensitivity. To date, DPGME detection has been performed only in a few cases by the use of SnO2-based systems, and the development of highly efficient sensors for its selective monitoring is of primary importance for next-generation devices.

Noble Metal/Mn3O4 Nanocomposite Systems:from Design to Applications As Ultra-Sensitive Gas Sensors for Nitrogen Mustard Simulant

Tabacchi, Gloria;Fois, Ettore;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The efficient detection of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) is of paramount importance in the development of reliable sensing devices for safety applications. In particular, the increased threats of chemical attacks by terrorist organizations have stimulated a significant interest in the early detection of CWAs. Due to the high toxicity and necessity of special infrastructures for storage/manipulation of CWAs, the activities aimed at their detection are carried out on mimicking compounds compatible with lab test security level. In this context, the recognition of di(propylene glycol) monomethyl ether (DPGME), a simulant of the vesicant nitrogen mustard, is of key importance. Among the various devices adopted for CWA sensing, chemoresistive gas sensors based on nanostructured metal oxides offer various advantages, encompassing low cost, limited power consumption, and good stability/sensitivity. To date, DPGME detection has been performed only in a few cases by the use of SnO2-based systems, and the development of highly efficient sensors for its selective monitoring is of primary importance for next-generation devices.
2020
2020
Bigiani, Lorenzo; Zappa, Dario; Barreca, Davide; Gasparotto, Alberto; Sada, Cinzia; Tabacchi, Gloria; Fois, Ettore; Comini, Elisabetta; Maccato, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2142331
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