Background. Nowadays, it is still not possible to clinically distinguish whether an increase in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) values is due to myocardial injury or an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Moreover, predictive data regarding hs-cTnT in an emergency room (ER) setting are scarce. This monocentric retrospective study aimed to improve the knowledge and interpretation of this cardiac biomarker in daily clinical practice. Methods. Consecutive adult patients presenting at the ER and hospitalized with a first abnormal hs-cTnT value (>= 14 ng/L) were enrolled for 6 months. The baseline hs-cTnT value and the ensuing changes and variations were correlated with the clinical presentation and the type of diagnosis. Subsequently, multivariable models were built to assess which clinical/laboratory variables most influenced hospital admissions in the investigated population analyzed according to the final reason for hospitalization: (1) cardiovascular vs. non-cardiovascular diagnosis, and (2) ACS vs. non-ACS one. Results. A total of 4660 patients were considered, and, after a first screening, 4149 patients were enrolled. Out of 4129 patients, 1555 (37.5%) had a first hs-cTnT >= 14 ng/L, and 1007 (65%) were hospitalized with the following types of diagnosis: ACS (182; 18%), non-ACS cardiovascular disease (337; 34%) and non-cardiovascular disease (487; 48%). Higher hs-cTnT values and significant hs-cTnT variations were found in the ACS group (p < 0.01). The mean percentage of variation was higher in patients with ACS, intermediate in those with non-ACS cardiovascular disease, and low in those with non-cardiovascular disease (407.5%, 270.6% and 12.4%, respectively). Only syncope and CRP (OR: 0.08, 95% CI: 0.02-0.39, p < 0.01 and OR: 0.9988, 95% CI: 0.9979-0.9998, p = 0.02, respectively) or CRP (OR: 0.9948, 95% CI: 0.9908-0.9989, p = 0.01) and NT-proBNP (OR: 1.0002, 95% CI: 1.0000-1.0004, p = 0.02) were independent predictors of a cardiovascular disease diagnosis. On the other hand, only chest pain (OR: 22.91, 95% CI: 3.97-132.32, p < 0.01) and eGFR (OR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.004-1.083, p = 0.03) were associated with the ACS diagnosis. Conclusions. Differently from the investigated biomarkers, in this study, only clinical variables predicted hospitalizations in different patients' subgroups.

High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T and the Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease in the Emergency Room: The Importance of Combining Cardiovascular Biomarkers with Clinical Data

Michele Golino
Primo
;
Jacopo Marazzato
Secondo
;
Federico Blasi;Cristina Cadonati;Federica Matteo;Claudio Licciardello;Martina Zappa;Walter Ageno;alberto passi;Fabio Angeli
Penultimo
;
ROBERTO DE PONTI
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background. Nowadays, it is still not possible to clinically distinguish whether an increase in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) values is due to myocardial injury or an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Moreover, predictive data regarding hs-cTnT in an emergency room (ER) setting are scarce. This monocentric retrospective study aimed to improve the knowledge and interpretation of this cardiac biomarker in daily clinical practice. Methods. Consecutive adult patients presenting at the ER and hospitalized with a first abnormal hs-cTnT value (>= 14 ng/L) were enrolled for 6 months. The baseline hs-cTnT value and the ensuing changes and variations were correlated with the clinical presentation and the type of diagnosis. Subsequently, multivariable models were built to assess which clinical/laboratory variables most influenced hospital admissions in the investigated population analyzed according to the final reason for hospitalization: (1) cardiovascular vs. non-cardiovascular diagnosis, and (2) ACS vs. non-ACS one. Results. A total of 4660 patients were considered, and, after a first screening, 4149 patients were enrolled. Out of 4129 patients, 1555 (37.5%) had a first hs-cTnT >= 14 ng/L, and 1007 (65%) were hospitalized with the following types of diagnosis: ACS (182; 18%), non-ACS cardiovascular disease (337; 34%) and non-cardiovascular disease (487; 48%). Higher hs-cTnT values and significant hs-cTnT variations were found in the ACS group (p < 0.01). The mean percentage of variation was higher in patients with ACS, intermediate in those with non-ACS cardiovascular disease, and low in those with non-cardiovascular disease (407.5%, 270.6% and 12.4%, respectively). Only syncope and CRP (OR: 0.08, 95% CI: 0.02-0.39, p < 0.01 and OR: 0.9988, 95% CI: 0.9979-0.9998, p = 0.02, respectively) or CRP (OR: 0.9948, 95% CI: 0.9908-0.9989, p = 0.01) and NT-proBNP (OR: 1.0002, 95% CI: 1.0000-1.0004, p = 0.02) were independent predictors of a cardiovascular disease diagnosis. On the other hand, only chest pain (OR: 22.91, 95% CI: 3.97-132.32, p < 0.01) and eGFR (OR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.004-1.083, p = 0.03) were associated with the ACS diagnosis. Conclusions. Differently from the investigated biomarkers, in this study, only clinical variables predicted hospitalizations in different patients' subgroups.
acute coronary syndrome; cardiac troponin; diagnosis; emergency room; high sensitivity cardiac troponin; ischemic heart disease; myocardial injury; myocardial ischemia
Golino, Michele; Marazzato, Jacopo; Blasi, Federico; Morello, Matteo; Chierchia, Valentina; Cadonati, Cristina; Matteo, Federica; Licciardello, Claudio; Zappa, Martina; Ageno, Walter; Passi, ALBERTO GIUSEPPE; Angeli, Fabio; DE PONTI, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2142391
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