A pilot-scale experiment was implemented in a waste bioreactor with an inner capacity of 1 m3 in order to simulate a real-scale composting process. The waste underwent composting conditions that are typical of the initial bio-oxidation phase, characterised by a high production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and odorants. The waste bioreactor was fed with an intermittent airflow rate of 6 Nm3/h. The target of this study was to investigate the air treatment performance of three biofilters with the same size, but filled with different filtering media: (1) wood chips, (2) a two-layer combination of lava rock (50%) and peat (50%), and (3) peat only. The analyses on air samples taken upstream and downstream of the biofilters showed that the combination of lava rock and peat presents the best performance in terms of mean removal efficiency of odour (96%), total VOCs (95%) and H2S (77%) concentrations. Wood chips showed the worst abatement performance, with respective mean removal efficiencies of 90%, 88% and 62%. From the results obtained, it is possible to conclude that the combination of lava rock and peat can be considered as a promising choice for air pollution control in waste composting facilities.

Application of different packing media for the biofiltration of gaseous effluents from waste composting

Re, Andrea;Schiavon, Marco
;
Torretta, Vincenzo;
2024-01-01

Abstract

A pilot-scale experiment was implemented in a waste bioreactor with an inner capacity of 1 m3 in order to simulate a real-scale composting process. The waste underwent composting conditions that are typical of the initial bio-oxidation phase, characterised by a high production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and odorants. The waste bioreactor was fed with an intermittent airflow rate of 6 Nm3/h. The target of this study was to investigate the air treatment performance of three biofilters with the same size, but filled with different filtering media: (1) wood chips, (2) a two-layer combination of lava rock (50%) and peat (50%), and (3) peat only. The analyses on air samples taken upstream and downstream of the biofilters showed that the combination of lava rock and peat presents the best performance in terms of mean removal efficiency of odour (96%), total VOCs (95%) and H2S (77%) concentrations. Wood chips showed the worst abatement performance, with respective mean removal efficiencies of 90%, 88% and 62%. From the results obtained, it is possible to conclude that the combination of lava rock and peat can be considered as a promising choice for air pollution control in waste composting facilities.
2024
2022
Air treatment; odour control; waste management; emissions; mechanical-biological treatments
Re, Andrea; Schiavon, Marco; Torretta, Vincenzo; Polvara, Elisa; Invernizzi, Marzio; Sironi, Selena; Caruson, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2142972
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