With the aim of identification of toxic nature of the diverse pesticides on the aquatic compartment, a large dataset of pesticides (n = 325) with experimental toxicity data on two algal test species (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (PS) (synonym: Raphidocelis subcapitata, Selenastrum capricornutum) and Scenedemus subspicatus (SS)) was gathered and subjected to quantitative structure toxicity relationship (QSTR) analysis to predict aquatic toxicity of pesticides. The QSTR models were developed by multiple linear regressions (MLRs), and the genetic algorithm (GA) was used for the variable selection. The developed GA-MLR models were statistically robust enough internally (Q2LOO = 0.620–0.663) and externally (Q2Fn = 0.693–0.868, CCCext = 0.843–0.877). The leverage approach of applicability domain (AD) and prediction reliability indicator assured the reliability of the developed models. The mechanistic interpretation highlighted that the presence of SO2, F and aromatic rings influenced the toxicity of pesticides towards PS species while the presence of alkyl, alkyl halide, aromatic rings and carbonyl was responsible for the toxicity of pesticides towards SS species. Additionally, we have reported the application of developed models to pesticides without experimental value and the cumulative toxicity of pesticides on the aquatic environment by using principal component analysis (PCA). The reliable prediction and prioritization of toxic compounds from the developed models will be useful in the aquatic toxicity assessment of pesticides. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Aquatic toxicity prediction of diverse pesticides on two algal species using QSTR modeling approach

Papa E.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

With the aim of identification of toxic nature of the diverse pesticides on the aquatic compartment, a large dataset of pesticides (n = 325) with experimental toxicity data on two algal test species (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (PS) (synonym: Raphidocelis subcapitata, Selenastrum capricornutum) and Scenedemus subspicatus (SS)) was gathered and subjected to quantitative structure toxicity relationship (QSTR) analysis to predict aquatic toxicity of pesticides. The QSTR models were developed by multiple linear regressions (MLRs), and the genetic algorithm (GA) was used for the variable selection. The developed GA-MLR models were statistically robust enough internally (Q2LOO = 0.620–0.663) and externally (Q2Fn = 0.693–0.868, CCCext = 0.843–0.877). The leverage approach of applicability domain (AD) and prediction reliability indicator assured the reliability of the developed models. The mechanistic interpretation highlighted that the presence of SO2, F and aromatic rings influenced the toxicity of pesticides towards PS species while the presence of alkyl, alkyl halide, aromatic rings and carbonyl was responsible for the toxicity of pesticides towards SS species. Additionally, we have reported the application of developed models to pesticides without experimental value and the cumulative toxicity of pesticides on the aquatic environment by using principal component analysis (PCA). The reliable prediction and prioritization of toxic compounds from the developed models will be useful in the aquatic toxicity assessment of pesticides. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
2022
2022
AD; GA-MLR; PCA; Pesticides; QSTR; Toxicity
Banjare, P.; Singh, J.; Papa, E.; Roy, P. P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2144155
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