Bulk Ni-based catalysts derived from hydrotalcite-type (HT) compounds show enhanced stability in the hydrogenation of CO2 into CH4, in comparison to their supported counterparts. The composition of the parent hydrotalcite determines the Ni loading and particle size, as well as the basicity of the catalysts. In this work, a comparison between the effect of Fe and La on the performance of NiMgAl HT compounds (Ni/Mg/Al = 25/50/25 atomic ratio) calcined at 600 degrees C is investigated. After a reduction pretreatment at 750 degrees C, both promoters enhance the activity in the low-temperature range; however, the La-containing catalyst reaches a better CH4 productivity rate at high oven temperature (i.e., 200 L g m(-1) h(-1) at 325 degrees C). Although the formation of the NiFe alloy improves the activity, lanthanum keeps smaller Ni-0 particles and provides a higher basicity to the mixed oxide than Fe. The activity of the NiMgLaAl catalyst can be further tailored by increasing the Ni loading from 25.6 wt % (Ni25Mg50La5Al20) to 44.6 wt % (Ni50Mg25La5Al20). Lastly, the feasibility of HT-derived catalysts in the direct methanation of clean biogas is proved.

Effect of Fe and la on the Performance of NiMgAl HT-Derived Catalysts in the Methanation of CO2and Biogas

Schiaroli N.;Lucarelli C.;Vaccari A.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Bulk Ni-based catalysts derived from hydrotalcite-type (HT) compounds show enhanced stability in the hydrogenation of CO2 into CH4, in comparison to their supported counterparts. The composition of the parent hydrotalcite determines the Ni loading and particle size, as well as the basicity of the catalysts. In this work, a comparison between the effect of Fe and La on the performance of NiMgAl HT compounds (Ni/Mg/Al = 25/50/25 atomic ratio) calcined at 600 degrees C is investigated. After a reduction pretreatment at 750 degrees C, both promoters enhance the activity in the low-temperature range; however, the La-containing catalyst reaches a better CH4 productivity rate at high oven temperature (i.e., 200 L g m(-1) h(-1) at 325 degrees C). Although the formation of the NiFe alloy improves the activity, lanthanum keeps smaller Ni-0 particles and provides a higher basicity to the mixed oxide than Fe. The activity of the NiMgLaAl catalyst can be further tailored by increasing the Ni loading from 25.6 wt % (Ni25Mg50La5Al20) to 44.6 wt % (Ni50Mg25La5Al20). Lastly, the feasibility of HT-derived catalysts in the direct methanation of clean biogas is proved.
2022
Ho, P. H.; Sanghez De Luna, G.; Schiaroli, N.; Natoli, A.; Ospitali, F.; Battisti, M.; Di Renzo, F.; Lucarelli, C.; Vaccari, A.; Fornasari, G.; Benito, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2144935
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