Background: Anxiety disorders are more common in Takotsubo syndrome (TS) than in acute coronary syndrome patients. Theaim of this study was to investigate whether pre-existing anxiety disorders predispose to TS triggered by exclusively emotional stressful events. Methods: Triggering events were compared in 58 TS patients with and without pre-existing anxiety disorders; clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic data were also collected. Results: Thirty-one (53%) patients had a previous history of anxiety disorders. The exclusively emotional stressful event-rate was higher in TS patients with pre-existing anxiety disorder (74% vs. 30%, p = 0.001), while TS caused by an undetermined trigger were significantly higher in patients without anxiety disorders (33% vs. 10%, p = 0.027). Moreover, in TS patients without a previous history of anxiety disorders, a trend of higher prevalence of physical events was found (16% vs. 37%, p = 0.07). Conclusions: In patients with pre-existing anxiety disorders, TS was predominantly triggered by exclusively emotional stressful events, thereby suggesting a possible relationship between anxiety and emotional cardiac frailty in TS patients.

Anxiety disorders and stressful events in Takotsubo syndrome

Castiglioni P;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Background: Anxiety disorders are more common in Takotsubo syndrome (TS) than in acute coronary syndrome patients. Theaim of this study was to investigate whether pre-existing anxiety disorders predispose to TS triggered by exclusively emotional stressful events. Methods: Triggering events were compared in 58 TS patients with and without pre-existing anxiety disorders; clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic data were also collected. Results: Thirty-one (53%) patients had a previous history of anxiety disorders. The exclusively emotional stressful event-rate was higher in TS patients with pre-existing anxiety disorder (74% vs. 30%, p = 0.001), while TS caused by an undetermined trigger were significantly higher in patients without anxiety disorders (33% vs. 10%, p = 0.027). Moreover, in TS patients without a previous history of anxiety disorders, a trend of higher prevalence of physical events was found (16% vs. 37%, p = 0.07). Conclusions: In patients with pre-existing anxiety disorders, TS was predominantly triggered by exclusively emotional stressful events, thereby suggesting a possible relationship between anxiety and emotional cardiac frailty in TS patients.
2017
https://journals.viamedica.pl/cardiology_journal/article/view/54206
Davide, Lazzeroni; Matteo, Bini; Castiglioni, P; Luca, Moderato; Chiara, Ciracì; Umberto, Camaiora; Pietro Tito, Ugolotti; Lorenzo, Brambilla; Valerio, Brambilla; Silvia, Garibaldi; Letizia, Paglialonga; Valentina, Ziveri; Fabrizio, Ugo; Nicola, Gaibazzi; Paolo, Coruzzi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2145164
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