Background: Over the last 2 decades, transnasal endoscopic surgery (TES) has become the most frequently employed surgical technique to treat sinonasal malignancies. The rarity and heterogeneity of sinonasal cancers have hampered large non-population-based analyses. Methodology: All patients receiving TES-including treatment between 1995 and 2021 in 5 referral hospitals were included. A prognostic study was performed, and multivariable models were transformed into nomograms. Training and validation sets were based on results from 3 European and 2 non-European centres, respectively. Results: The training and validation set included 940 and 420 patients, respectively. The mean age at surgery, primary-versus-recurrent presentation, histology distribution, type of surgery, T category and type of adjuvant treatment were differently distributed in the training and validation set. In the training set, 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival with a 95%-confidence interval were 72.7% (69.5–76.0%) and 66.4% (63.1–69.8%), respectively, significantly varying with histology. At multivariable analyses, age, gender, previous treatment, the extent of resection on the cranial, lateral and posterolateral axes, grade/subtype, T category, nodal status, margin status and adjuvant treatment were all associated with different prognostic outcomes, displaying a heterogeneous significance and effect size according to histology. The internal and external validation of nomograms was satisfactory (optimism-corrected C-index >0.7 and cumulative area under curve >0.7) for all histologies but mucosal melanoma. Conclusions: Outcomes of TES-based treatment of sinonasal cancers vary substantially with histology. This large, non-population-based study provides benchmark data on the prognosis of sinonasal cancers that are deemed suitable for treatment including TES.

The MUSES∗: a prognostic study on 1360 patients with sinonasal cancer undergoing endoscopic surgery-based treatment: ∗MUlti-institutional collaborative Study on Endoscopically treated Sinonasal cancers

Turri Zanoni M.;Battaglia P.;Bignami M.;Castelnuovo P.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Over the last 2 decades, transnasal endoscopic surgery (TES) has become the most frequently employed surgical technique to treat sinonasal malignancies. The rarity and heterogeneity of sinonasal cancers have hampered large non-population-based analyses. Methodology: All patients receiving TES-including treatment between 1995 and 2021 in 5 referral hospitals were included. A prognostic study was performed, and multivariable models were transformed into nomograms. Training and validation sets were based on results from 3 European and 2 non-European centres, respectively. Results: The training and validation set included 940 and 420 patients, respectively. The mean age at surgery, primary-versus-recurrent presentation, histology distribution, type of surgery, T category and type of adjuvant treatment were differently distributed in the training and validation set. In the training set, 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival with a 95%-confidence interval were 72.7% (69.5–76.0%) and 66.4% (63.1–69.8%), respectively, significantly varying with histology. At multivariable analyses, age, gender, previous treatment, the extent of resection on the cranial, lateral and posterolateral axes, grade/subtype, T category, nodal status, margin status and adjuvant treatment were all associated with different prognostic outcomes, displaying a heterogeneous significance and effect size according to histology. The internal and external validation of nomograms was satisfactory (optimism-corrected C-index >0.7 and cumulative area under curve >0.7) for all histologies but mucosal melanoma. Conclusions: Outcomes of TES-based treatment of sinonasal cancers vary substantially with histology. This large, non-population-based study provides benchmark data on the prognosis of sinonasal cancers that are deemed suitable for treatment including TES.
2022
2022
Cancer; Chemotherapy; Endoscopic; Nomogram; Prognosis; Radiotherapy; Sinonasal; Surgery; Survival; Transnasal
Ferrari, M.; Mattavelli, D.; Tomasoni, M.; Raffetti, E.; Bossi, P.; Schreiber, A.; Orlandi, E.; Taboni, S.; Rampinelli, V.; Gualtieri, T.; Turri Zanoni, M.; Battaglia, P.; Arosio, A. D.; Bignami, M.; Tartaro, T.; Molteni, M.; Bertazzoni, G.; Fiaux-Camous, D.; Jourdaine, C.; Verillaud, B.; Eu, D.; Nair, D.; Moiyadi, A.; Shetty, P.; Ghosh-Laskar, S.; Budrukkar, A.; Magrini, S. M.; Guillerm, S.; Faivre, S.; Piazza, C.; Gilbert, R. W.; Irish, J. C.; de Almeida, J. R.; Pai, P.; Herman, P.; Castelnuovo, P.; Nicolai, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2145522
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