We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of shoulder MR arthrography (MRA) acquired in the neutral (N), internal rotation (IR), and external rotation (ER) positions of the shoulder to detect SLAP lesions. Three observers evaluated 130 MRAs to detect SLAP lesions and to calculate labral diastasis in this triple-blinded study. Sensitivity was much higher in the ER (92.5-97.5%) than in the N (60-72.5%) and IR (42.5-52.5%) positions, and the specificity of all the reviewers was 100% in all the positions. The diagnostic accuracy was higher in the ER too (97.7-99.2%). The diastasis length was significantly higher in the ER (median = 2.5-2.8 mm) than in the N (1 mm) and IR (0 mm) positions and was also significantly higher in those patients requiring surgery (p = 0.001). The highest inter-rater agreement values were observed in the ER both in SLAP detection (k = 0.982) and the diastasis length evaluation (ICC = 0.962). The diastasis length threshold in the ER that best separated the patients who did and did not require surgery was 3.1 mm (AUC = 0.833). In 14.6% of the cases, ER enabled the detection of SLAP lesions not identified in the N position. MRA with the ER improves the diagnosis of SLAP lesions and, together with the IR position, provides additional dynamic information about the diastasis of the lesions. It is recommended to perform additional ER and IR scans in the shoulder MRA protocol.

Shoulder Magnetic Resonance Arthrography with the Internal and External Rotation Positions of the Humeral Head in the Evaluation of SLAP Lesions

Genovese, Eugenio Annibale;
2022-01-01

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of shoulder MR arthrography (MRA) acquired in the neutral (N), internal rotation (IR), and external rotation (ER) positions of the shoulder to detect SLAP lesions. Three observers evaluated 130 MRAs to detect SLAP lesions and to calculate labral diastasis in this triple-blinded study. Sensitivity was much higher in the ER (92.5-97.5%) than in the N (60-72.5%) and IR (42.5-52.5%) positions, and the specificity of all the reviewers was 100% in all the positions. The diagnostic accuracy was higher in the ER too (97.7-99.2%). The diastasis length was significantly higher in the ER (median = 2.5-2.8 mm) than in the N (1 mm) and IR (0 mm) positions and was also significantly higher in those patients requiring surgery (p = 0.001). The highest inter-rater agreement values were observed in the ER both in SLAP detection (k = 0.982) and the diastasis length evaluation (ICC = 0.962). The diastasis length threshold in the ER that best separated the patients who did and did not require surgery was 3.1 mm (AUC = 0.833). In 14.6% of the cases, ER enabled the detection of SLAP lesions not identified in the N position. MRA with the ER improves the diagnosis of SLAP lesions and, together with the IR position, provides additional dynamic information about the diastasis of the lesions. It is recommended to perform additional ER and IR scans in the shoulder MRA protocol.
2022
SLAP lesion; contrast; diagnostic performance; diastasis; external rotation; internal rotation; magnetic resonance arthrography; protocol; shoulder
Porta, Marco; Capelli, Serena; Caroli, Anna; Balbi, Maurizio; Surace, Alessandra; Serpi, Francesca; Genovese, Eugenio Annibale; Albano, Domenico; Sconfienza, Luca Maria; Sironi, Sandro; Aliprandi, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2146071
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