Objectives The MOSAIC study aimed to evaluate if the Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) can be used as a stand-alone diagnostic tool for cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Design Single-blinded, prospective, multicentre diagnostic accuracy study. Setting 10 paediatric centres in China. Participants 300 non-breastfed infants (median age 16.1 weeks) with suspected CMPA. Interventions After performing the baseline CoMiSS, infants commenced a cow's milk protein elimination diet with amino acid-based formula for 14 days. CoMiSS was repeated at the end of the elimination trial. Infants then underwent an open oral food challenge (OFC) with cow's milk-based formula (CMF) in hospital. Infants who did not react during the OFC also completed a 14-day home challenge with CMF. A diagnosis of CMPA was made if acute or delayed reactions were reported. Primary outcome measures A logistic regression model for CoMiSS to predict CMPA was fitted and a receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve generated. An area under the curve (AUC) of ≥0.75 was deemed adequate to validate CoMiSS as a diagnostic tool (target sensitivity 80%-90% and specificity 60%-70%). Results Of 254 infants who commenced the OFC, 250 completed both challenges, and a diagnosis of CMPA made in 217 (85.4%). The median baseline CoMiSS in this group fell from 8 (IQR 5-10) to 5 (IQR 3-7) at visit 2 (p<0.000000001), with a median change of -3 (IQR -6 to -1). A baseline CoMiSS of ≥12 had a low sensitivity (20.3%), but high specificity (87.9%) and high positive predictive value (91.7%) for CMPA. The ROC analysis with an AUC of 0.67 fell short of the predefined primary endpoint. Conclusions The present study did not support the use of CoMiSS as a stand-alone diagnostic tool for CMPA. Nevertheless, CoMiSS remains a clinically useful awareness tool to help identify infants with cow's milk-related symptoms. Trial registration number NCT03004729; Pre-results.

Assessment of the Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) as a diagnostic tool for cow's milk protein allergy: A prospective, multicentre study in China (MOSAIC study)

Salvatore S.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objectives The MOSAIC study aimed to evaluate if the Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) can be used as a stand-alone diagnostic tool for cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Design Single-blinded, prospective, multicentre diagnostic accuracy study. Setting 10 paediatric centres in China. Participants 300 non-breastfed infants (median age 16.1 weeks) with suspected CMPA. Interventions After performing the baseline CoMiSS, infants commenced a cow's milk protein elimination diet with amino acid-based formula for 14 days. CoMiSS was repeated at the end of the elimination trial. Infants then underwent an open oral food challenge (OFC) with cow's milk-based formula (CMF) in hospital. Infants who did not react during the OFC also completed a 14-day home challenge with CMF. A diagnosis of CMPA was made if acute or delayed reactions were reported. Primary outcome measures A logistic regression model for CoMiSS to predict CMPA was fitted and a receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve generated. An area under the curve (AUC) of ≥0.75 was deemed adequate to validate CoMiSS as a diagnostic tool (target sensitivity 80%-90% and specificity 60%-70%). Results Of 254 infants who commenced the OFC, 250 completed both challenges, and a diagnosis of CMPA made in 217 (85.4%). The median baseline CoMiSS in this group fell from 8 (IQR 5-10) to 5 (IQR 3-7) at visit 2 (p<0.000000001), with a median change of -3 (IQR -6 to -1). A baseline CoMiSS of ≥12 had a low sensitivity (20.3%), but high specificity (87.9%) and high positive predictive value (91.7%) for CMPA. The ROC analysis with an AUC of 0.67 fell short of the predefined primary endpoint. Conclusions The present study did not support the use of CoMiSS as a stand-alone diagnostic tool for CMPA. Nevertheless, CoMiSS remains a clinically useful awareness tool to help identify infants with cow's milk-related symptoms. Trial registration number NCT03004729; Pre-results.
2022
allergy; community child health; paediatric dermatology; paediatric gastroenterology
Vandenplas, Y.; Zhao, Z. -Y.; Mukherjee, R.; Dupont, C.; Eigenmann, P.; Kuitunen, M.; Ribes Koninckx, C.; Szajewska, H.; Von Berg, A.; Bajerova, K.; Meyer, R.; Salvatore, S.; Shamir, R.; Jarvi, A.; Heine, R. G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2146926
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