Background: The use of rivaroxaban in clinical practice often deviates from manufacturer prescribing information. No studies have demonstrated an association between this practice and improved outcomes. Methods: We used the RIETE registry to assess the clinical characteristics of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) who received off-label rivaroxaban, and to compare their 3-month outcomes with those receiving the labeled therapy. The patients were classified into four subgroups: (1) labeled therapy; (2) delayed start; (3) low doses and (4) both conditions. Results: From May 2013 to May 2022, 2490 patients with PE received rivaroxaban: labeled therapy—1485 (58.6%); delayed start—808 (32.5%); low doses—143 (5.7%); both conditions—54 (2.2%). Patients with a delayed start were more likely to present with syncope, hypotension, raised troponin levels and more severe abnormalities on the echocardiogram than those on labeled therapy. Patients receiving low doses were most likely to have cancer, recent bleeding, anemia, thrombocytopenia or renal insufficiency. During the first 3 months, 3 patients developed PE recurrence, 4 had deep-vein thrombosis, 11 had major bleeding and 16 died. The rates of major bleeding (11 vs. 0; p < 0.001) or death (15 vs. 1; OR: 22.5; 95% CI: 2.97–170.5) were higher in patients receiving off-label rivaroxaban than in those on labeled therapy, with no differences in VTE recurrence (OR: 1.11; 95% CI: 0.25–6.57). Conclusions: In patients with severe PE, the start of rivaroxaban administration was often delayed. In those at increased risk for bleeding, it was often prescribed at low doses. Both subgroups had a worse outcome than those on labeled rivaroxaban.

Rivaroxaban Monotherapy in Patients with Pulmonary Embolism: Off-Label vs. Labeled Therapy

Dentali F.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: The use of rivaroxaban in clinical practice often deviates from manufacturer prescribing information. No studies have demonstrated an association between this practice and improved outcomes. Methods: We used the RIETE registry to assess the clinical characteristics of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) who received off-label rivaroxaban, and to compare their 3-month outcomes with those receiving the labeled therapy. The patients were classified into four subgroups: (1) labeled therapy; (2) delayed start; (3) low doses and (4) both conditions. Results: From May 2013 to May 2022, 2490 patients with PE received rivaroxaban: labeled therapy—1485 (58.6%); delayed start—808 (32.5%); low doses—143 (5.7%); both conditions—54 (2.2%). Patients with a delayed start were more likely to present with syncope, hypotension, raised troponin levels and more severe abnormalities on the echocardiogram than those on labeled therapy. Patients receiving low doses were most likely to have cancer, recent bleeding, anemia, thrombocytopenia or renal insufficiency. During the first 3 months, 3 patients developed PE recurrence, 4 had deep-vein thrombosis, 11 had major bleeding and 16 died. The rates of major bleeding (11 vs. 0; p < 0.001) or death (15 vs. 1; OR: 22.5; 95% CI: 2.97–170.5) were higher in patients receiving off-label rivaroxaban than in those on labeled therapy, with no differences in VTE recurrence (OR: 1.11; 95% CI: 0.25–6.57). Conclusions: In patients with severe PE, the start of rivaroxaban administration was often delayed. In those at increased risk for bleeding, it was often prescribed at low doses. Both subgroups had a worse outcome than those on labeled rivaroxaban.
2022
DOACs; oral anticoagulants; RIETE; rivaroxaban; venpus thromboembolism
Di Micco, P.; Salazar, V. R.; Capitan, C. F.; Dentali, F.; Cuervo, C. G.; Torres, J. L. F.; Porras, J. A.; Fidalgo, A.; Grandone, E.; Meseguer, M. L.; Monreal, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2147233
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