We have observed a significant enhancement in the energy deposition by 25-100 GeV photons in a 1 cm thick tungsten crystal oriented along its (111) lattice axes. At 100 GeV, this enhancement, with respect to the value observed without axial alignment, is more than twofold. This effect, together with the measured huge increase in secondary particle generation is ascribed to the acceleration of the electromagnetic shower development by the strong axial electric field. The experimental results have been critically compared with a newly developed Monte Carlo adapted for use with crystals of multi -X-0 thickness. The results presented in this paper may prove to be of significant interest for the development of high-performance photon absorbers and highly compact electromagnetic calorimeters and beam dumps for use at the energy and intensity frontiers.

Strong enhancement of electromagnetic shower development induced by high-energy photons in a thick oriented tungsten crystal

Bomben, L;Prest, M;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We have observed a significant enhancement in the energy deposition by 25-100 GeV photons in a 1 cm thick tungsten crystal oriented along its (111) lattice axes. At 100 GeV, this enhancement, with respect to the value observed without axial alignment, is more than twofold. This effect, together with the measured huge increase in secondary particle generation is ascribed to the acceleration of the electromagnetic shower development by the strong axial electric field. The experimental results have been critically compared with a newly developed Monte Carlo adapted for use with crystals of multi -X-0 thickness. The results presented in this paper may prove to be of significant interest for the development of high-performance photon absorbers and highly compact electromagnetic calorimeters and beam dumps for use at the energy and intensity frontiers.
2023
2023
oriented crystals, electromagnetic shower, calorimeter, strong effect
Soldani, M; Bandiera, L; Moulson, M; Ballerini, G; Baryshevsky, Vg; Bomben, L; Brizzolari, C; Charitonidis, N; D'Alessandro, Gl; De Salvador, D; van Dijk, M; Georgiev, G; Gianoli, A; Guidi, V; Haurylavets, V; Lobko, As; Maiolino, T; Mascagna, V; Mazzolari, A; Petrucci, Fc; Prest, M; Romagnoni, M; Rubin, P; Soldi, D; Sytov, A; Tikhomirov, Vv; Vallazza, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2148851
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