In the present study, gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) was reared using sustainable feeds containing insect meal from Hermetia illucens larvae. Proteomics and proton nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomics analysis were used to assess the metabolic impact of the tested feeds in sea bream liver, whereas the composition of muscle fillets was characterized by means of metabolomics and gas chromatography of fatty acid methyl esters. Including 10% of insect meal while correspondingly reducing fish meal did not substantially alter the metabolism of dietary nutrients, leading to small but significant effects solely on lauric acid content of sea bream fillets. Furthermore, a few alterations in some markers of immune response, such as leukocyte elastase inhibitor-like, granzyme B (G, H)-like, and two associated ortholog groups, serpin B and chymase, were found. In the fish group fed with insect meal, liver morphology analysis showed no structural damage or inflammation and a lower amount of hepatic lipid deposition and accumulation.

Balanced replacement of fish meal with Hermetia illucens meal allows efficient hepatic nutrient metabolism and increases fillet lipid quality in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata)

Antonini M;Moroni F;Rimoldi S;Terova G
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the present study, gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) was reared using sustainable feeds containing insect meal from Hermetia illucens larvae. Proteomics and proton nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomics analysis were used to assess the metabolic impact of the tested feeds in sea bream liver, whereas the composition of muscle fillets was characterized by means of metabolomics and gas chromatography of fatty acid methyl esters. Including 10% of insect meal while correspondingly reducing fish meal did not substantially alter the metabolism of dietary nutrients, leading to small but significant effects solely on lauric acid content of sea bream fillets. Furthermore, a few alterations in some markers of immune response, such as leukocyte elastase inhibitor-like, granzyme B (G, H)-like, and two associated ortholog groups, serpin B and chymase, were found. In the fish group fed with insect meal, liver morphology analysis showed no structural damage or inflammation and a lower amount of hepatic lipid deposition and accumulation.
2023
2023
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2023.739862
Anedda, R; Melis, R; Palomba, A; Vitangeli, I; Biosa, G; Braca, A; Antonini, M; Moroni, F; Rimoldi, S; Terova, G; Pagnozzi, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2156372
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