The complex [PtCl2(cyclohexane-1R,2R-diamine)] has been combined in a Pt(IV) molecule with two different bioactive molecules (i.e., the histone deacetylase inhibitor 2-propylpentanoic acid or valproic acid, VPA, and the potential antimetastatic molecule 4-isopropenylcyclohexene-1-carboxylic acid or perillic acid, PA) in order to obtain a set of multiaction or multitarget antiproliferative agents. In addition to traditional thermal synthetic procedures, microwave-assisted heating was used to speed up their preparation. All Pt(IV) complexes showed antiproliferative activity on four human colon cancer cell lines (namely HCT116, HCT8, RKO and HT29) in the nanomolar range, considerably better than those of [PtCl2(cyclohexane-1R,2R-diamine)], VPA, PA, and the reference drug oxaliplatin. The synthesized complexes showed pro-apoptotic and pro-necrotic effects and the ability to induce cell cycle alterations. Moreover, the downregulation of histone deacetylase activity, leading to an increase in histone H3 and H4 levels, and the antimigratory activity, indicated by the reduction of the levels of matrix metalloproteinases MMP2 and MMP9, demonstrated the multiaction nature of the complexes, which showed biological properties similar to or better than those of VPA and PA, but at lower concentrations, probably due to the lipophilicity of the combo molecule that increases the intracellular concentration of the single components (i.e., [PtCl2(cyclohexane-1R,2R-diamine)], VPA and PA).

Platinum(IV) combo prodrugs containing cyclohexane-1R,2Rdiamine, valproic acid, and perillic acid as a multiaction chemotherapeutic platform for colon cancer

Marzia Bruna Gariboldi
Co-primo
;
Emanuela Marras;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The complex [PtCl2(cyclohexane-1R,2R-diamine)] has been combined in a Pt(IV) molecule with two different bioactive molecules (i.e., the histone deacetylase inhibitor 2-propylpentanoic acid or valproic acid, VPA, and the potential antimetastatic molecule 4-isopropenylcyclohexene-1-carboxylic acid or perillic acid, PA) in order to obtain a set of multiaction or multitarget antiproliferative agents. In addition to traditional thermal synthetic procedures, microwave-assisted heating was used to speed up their preparation. All Pt(IV) complexes showed antiproliferative activity on four human colon cancer cell lines (namely HCT116, HCT8, RKO and HT29) in the nanomolar range, considerably better than those of [PtCl2(cyclohexane-1R,2R-diamine)], VPA, PA, and the reference drug oxaliplatin. The synthesized complexes showed pro-apoptotic and pro-necrotic effects and the ability to induce cell cycle alterations. Moreover, the downregulation of histone deacetylase activity, leading to an increase in histone H3 and H4 levels, and the antimigratory activity, indicated by the reduction of the levels of matrix metalloproteinases MMP2 and MMP9, demonstrated the multiaction nature of the complexes, which showed biological properties similar to or better than those of VPA and PA, but at lower concentrations, probably due to the lipophilicity of the combo molecule that increases the intracellular concentration of the single components (i.e., [PtCl2(cyclohexane-1R,2R-diamine)], VPA and PA).
2023
2023
Gabano, Elisabetta; Gariboldi, MARZIA BRUNA; Marras, Emanuela; Barbato, Francesca; Ravera, Mauro
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2157771
 Attenzione

L'Ateneo sottopone a validazione solo i file PDF allegati

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact