Rationale: Heart failure is typical in the elderly. Metabolic remodeling of cardiomyocytes underlies inexorable deterioration of cardiac function with aging: glycolysis increases at the expense of oxidative phosphorylation, causing an energy deficit contributing to impaired contractility. Better understanding of the mechanisms of this metabolic switching could be critical for reversing the condition. Objective: To investigate the role of 3 histone modifications (H3K27ac, H3K27me3, and H3K4me1) in the metabolic remodeling occurring in the aging heart. Results: We report a set of species-conserved enhancers associated with transcriptional changes underlying age-related metabolic remodeling in cardiomyocytes. Activation of the enhancer region of Hk2-a key glycolysis pathway gene-was fostered in old age-onset mouse heart by pseudohypoxia, wherein hypoxia-related genes are expressed under normal O2 levels, via increased activity of the transcriptional coactivator p300 (E1A-associated binding protein p300)/CBP (CREB-binding protein). Pharmacological inhibition of p300/CBP before the onset of cardiac aging led to a more aerobic, less glycolytic, metabolic state, improved heart contractility, and overall blunting of cardiac decline. Conclusions: Taken together, our results suggest how epigenetic dysregulation of glycolysis pathway enhancers could potentially be targeted to treat heart failure in the elderly.

Cardiac Aging Is Promoted by Pseudohypoxia Increasing p300-Induced Glycolysis

Serio, Simone
Primo
;
Pagiatakis, Christina
Secondo
;
Musolino, Elettra;Gornati, Rosalba;Bernardini, Giovanni;Papait, Roberto
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Rationale: Heart failure is typical in the elderly. Metabolic remodeling of cardiomyocytes underlies inexorable deterioration of cardiac function with aging: glycolysis increases at the expense of oxidative phosphorylation, causing an energy deficit contributing to impaired contractility. Better understanding of the mechanisms of this metabolic switching could be critical for reversing the condition. Objective: To investigate the role of 3 histone modifications (H3K27ac, H3K27me3, and H3K4me1) in the metabolic remodeling occurring in the aging heart. Results: We report a set of species-conserved enhancers associated with transcriptional changes underlying age-related metabolic remodeling in cardiomyocytes. Activation of the enhancer region of Hk2-a key glycolysis pathway gene-was fostered in old age-onset mouse heart by pseudohypoxia, wherein hypoxia-related genes are expressed under normal O2 levels, via increased activity of the transcriptional coactivator p300 (E1A-associated binding protein p300)/CBP (CREB-binding protein). Pharmacological inhibition of p300/CBP before the onset of cardiac aging led to a more aerobic, less glycolytic, metabolic state, improved heart contractility, and overall blunting of cardiac decline. Conclusions: Taken together, our results suggest how epigenetic dysregulation of glycolysis pathway enhancers could potentially be targeted to treat heart failure in the elderly.
2023
2023
CREB binding protein; aging; heart failure; humans; mice
Serio, Simone; Pagiatakis, Christina; Musolino, Elettra; Felicetta, Arianna; Carullo, Pierluigi; Laura Frances, Javier; Papa, Laura; Rozzi, Giacomo; Salvarani, Nicolò; Miragoli, Michele; Gornati, Rosalba; Bernardini, Giovanni; Condorelli, Gianluigi; Papait, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2159591
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