Background: Myocardial injury is associated with adverse outcomes. No data are reported about sex differences in incidence and factors associated with myocardial injury in an emergency department (ED) setting from a real-world perspective. We aimed to assess whether sex plays a major role in the diagnosis of myocardial injury in the ED. Methods: In this subanalysis of a retrospective study, patients presenting at the ED with at least one high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) value and without acute coronary syndromes diagnosis were compared. Results: 31,383 patients were admitted to the ED, 4660 had one hs-cTnT value, and 3937 were enrolled: 1943 females (49.4%) and 1994 males (50.6%). The diagnosis of myocardial injury was higher among men (36.8% vs. 32.9%, p < 0.01). Male sex was independently associated with myocardial injury. An older age, an elevated NT-proB-type Natriuretic Peptide and a lower estimated glomerular filtrate rate were independently associated with myocardial injury in both sexes. Conclusions: In the ED, from a real-world perspective, myocardial injury occurred more frequently in males, and it was associated with older age and the presence of cardiac, lung, and kidney disease but not higher hs-cTnT values.

Sex-related differences in non-ischemic myocardial injury in the emergency department: A real-world perspective

Golino, Michele
Primo
;
Marazzato, Jacopo;Blasi, Federico;Zappa, Martina;Ageno, Walter;Passi, Alberto;Angeli, Fabio;De Ponti, Roberto
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Myocardial injury is associated with adverse outcomes. No data are reported about sex differences in incidence and factors associated with myocardial injury in an emergency department (ED) setting from a real-world perspective. We aimed to assess whether sex plays a major role in the diagnosis of myocardial injury in the ED. Methods: In this subanalysis of a retrospective study, patients presenting at the ED with at least one high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) value and without acute coronary syndromes diagnosis were compared. Results: 31,383 patients were admitted to the ED, 4660 had one hs-cTnT value, and 3937 were enrolled: 1943 females (49.4%) and 1994 males (50.6%). The diagnosis of myocardial injury was higher among men (36.8% vs. 32.9%, p < 0.01). Male sex was independently associated with myocardial injury. An older age, an elevated NT-proB-type Natriuretic Peptide and a lower estimated glomerular filtrate rate were independently associated with myocardial injury in both sexes. Conclusions: In the ED, from a real-world perspective, myocardial injury occurred more frequently in males, and it was associated with older age and the presence of cardiac, lung, and kidney disease but not higher hs-cTnT values.
2023
2023
Cardiac troponin; Emergency department; Gender differences; High sensitivity cardiac troponin; Myocardial injury; Risk factors
Golino, Michele; Morello, Matteo; Marazzato, Jacopo; Blasi, Federico; Chierchia, Valentina; Oliva, Carlo-Agostino; Zappa, Martina; Ageno, Walter; Passi, Alberto; Angeli, Fabio; De Ponti, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2160774
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