The polarization state of light is a key parameter in many imaging systems. For example, it can image mechanical stress and other physical properties that are not seen with conventional imaging and can also play a central role in quantum sensing. However, polarization is more difficult to image, and polarimetry typically involves several independent measurements with moving parts in the measurement device. Metasurfaces with interleaved designs have demonstrated sensitivity to either linear or circular/ elliptical polarization states. Here, we present an all-dielectric metapolarimeter for direct measurement of any arbitrary polarization state from a single-unit-cell design. By engineering a completely asymmetric design, we obtained a metasurface that can excite eigenmodes of the nanoresonators, thus displaying a unique diffraction pattern for not only any linear polarization state but all elliptical polarization states (and handedness) as well. The unique diffraction patterns are quantified into Stokes parameters with a resolution of 5?? and with a polarization state fidelity of up to 99 ?? 1%. This holds promise for applications in polarization imaging and quantum state tomography.

An All-Dielectric Metasurface Polarimeter

Clerici M;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The polarization state of light is a key parameter in many imaging systems. For example, it can image mechanical stress and other physical properties that are not seen with conventional imaging and can also play a central role in quantum sensing. However, polarization is more difficult to image, and polarimetry typically involves several independent measurements with moving parts in the measurement device. Metasurfaces with interleaved designs have demonstrated sensitivity to either linear or circular/ elliptical polarization states. Here, we present an all-dielectric metapolarimeter for direct measurement of any arbitrary polarization state from a single-unit-cell design. By engineering a completely asymmetric design, we obtained a metasurface that can excite eigenmodes of the nanoresonators, thus displaying a unique diffraction pattern for not only any linear polarization state but all elliptical polarization states (and handedness) as well. The unique diffraction patterns are quantified into Stokes parameters with a resolution of 5?? and with a polarization state fidelity of up to 99 ?? 1%. This holds promise for applications in polarization imaging and quantum state tomography.
2022
2022
all-dielectric materials; anapoles; metasurface; metasurface-based polarimeters; polarimetry; Stokes parameters
Shah, Yd; Dada, Ac; Grant, Jp; Cumming, Drs; Altuzarra, C; Nowack, Ts; Lyons, A; Clerici, M; Faccio, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2161115
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