Corded and hyalinized endometrioid carcinoma (CHEC) typically shows low-grade features and “no specific molecular profile” (NSMP). This study aimed to perform a clinicopathological and molecular characterization of endometrial CHEC with high-grade features. Immunohistochemistry for cytokeratin AE1/AE3, e-cadherin, β-catenin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, p53, p16, and mismatch repair proteins was performed. A next-generation sequencing kit was used to assess POLE, POLD1, APC, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, MUTYH, EPCAM, and CTNNB1. Molecular groups, i.e., POLE-mutant, mismatch repair deficient (MMRd), p53-abnormal, and NSMP, were assigned according to the TCGA classifier. Six high-grade endometrial CHECs were identified. The mean age was 57.5 years; 5/6 cases were uterine-confined. Five cases showed a diffusely and markedly atypical corded component and a MMRd or p53-abnormal signature; additional features included single-cell keratinization, necrosis, osteoid or myxoid/chondro-myxoid matrix, foci of anaplasia, and nuclear β-catenin expression. The remaining case showed a low mitotic count and a NSMP phenotype, with focal bizarre cells in an otherwise classical CH endometrioid carcinoma. All cases showed variably reduced expression of epithelial markers and hormone receptors in the corded component. No mutations were found in any of the analyzed genes. In conclusion, high-grade CHECs are a heterogeneous subset of biphasic endometrial carcinoma which show similarities and differences with classical CHEC and carcinosarcoma. These cases often show MMRd or p53-abnormal signatures.

Corded and hyalinized endometrioid endometrial carcinoma with high-grade features: a clinicopathological and TCGA-based molecular analysis

Travaglino A;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Corded and hyalinized endometrioid carcinoma (CHEC) typically shows low-grade features and “no specific molecular profile” (NSMP). This study aimed to perform a clinicopathological and molecular characterization of endometrial CHEC with high-grade features. Immunohistochemistry for cytokeratin AE1/AE3, e-cadherin, β-catenin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, p53, p16, and mismatch repair proteins was performed. A next-generation sequencing kit was used to assess POLE, POLD1, APC, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, MUTYH, EPCAM, and CTNNB1. Molecular groups, i.e., POLE-mutant, mismatch repair deficient (MMRd), p53-abnormal, and NSMP, were assigned according to the TCGA classifier. Six high-grade endometrial CHECs were identified. The mean age was 57.5 years; 5/6 cases were uterine-confined. Five cases showed a diffusely and markedly atypical corded component and a MMRd or p53-abnormal signature; additional features included single-cell keratinization, necrosis, osteoid or myxoid/chondro-myxoid matrix, foci of anaplasia, and nuclear β-catenin expression. The remaining case showed a low mitotic count and a NSMP phenotype, with focal bizarre cells in an otherwise classical CH endometrioid carcinoma. All cases showed variably reduced expression of epithelial markers and hormone receptors in the corded component. No mutations were found in any of the analyzed genes. In conclusion, high-grade CHECs are a heterogeneous subset of biphasic endometrial carcinoma which show similarities and differences with classical CHEC and carcinosarcoma. These cases often show MMRd or p53-abnormal signatures.
2023
2022
Carcinosarcoma; Corded and hyalinized; Endometrial carcinoma; Molecular; TCGA
Travaglino, A; Arciuolo, D; Santoro, A; Raffone, A; Pedone Anchora, L; Piermattei, A; Martinelli, M; Mollo, A; Onori, Me; Minucci, A; Inzani, F; Fanfani, F; Insabato, L; Zannoni, Gf
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2165793
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