Aims: Patients with Crohn's disease (CrD) have an elevated risk for the development of small bowel adenocarcinomas (SBAs). Actionable isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations have been reported to be more frequent in CrD-SBAs than in sporadic SBAs. The present study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and immunophenotypical features, as well as methylation profiles, of IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs. Methods and results: An international multicentre series of surgically resected CrD-SBAs was tested for IDH1 mutation. Clinicopathological features, immunophenotypical marker expression and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) methylation were compared between IDH1-mutated and IDH1 wild-type CrD-SBAs. Ten (20%) of the 49 CrD-SBAs examined harboured an IDH1 mutation and all the mutated cancers harboured the R132C variant. Compared to IDH1 wild-type cases, IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs showed significantly lower rates of cytokeratin 7 expression (P = 0.005) and higher rates of p53 overexpression (P = 0.012) and MGMT methylation (P = 0.012). All three dysplastic growths associated with IDH1-mutated SBAs harboured the same IDH1 variant (R132C) of the corresponding invasive cancer, and all were of non-conventional subtype (two serrated dysplastic lesions and one goblet cell-deficient dysplasia). In particular, non-conventional serrated dysplasia was significantly associated with IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs (P = 0.029). No significant cancer-specific survival difference between IDH1-mutated CrD-SBA patients and IDH1 wild-type CrD-SBA patients was found (hazard ratio = 0.55, 95% confidence interval = 0.16–1.89; P = 0.313). Conclusions: IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs, which represent approximately one-fifth of total cases, are characterised by distinctive immunophenotypical features and methylation profiles, with potential therapeutic implications. Moreover, IDH1-mutated non-conventional, serrated dysplasia is likely to represent a precursor lesion to such CrD-SBAs.

IDH1-mutated Crohn's disease-associated small bowel adenocarcinomas: Distinctive pathological features and association with MGMT methylation and serrated-type dysplasia

Furlan D.;Libera L.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Aims: Patients with Crohn's disease (CrD) have an elevated risk for the development of small bowel adenocarcinomas (SBAs). Actionable isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations have been reported to be more frequent in CrD-SBAs than in sporadic SBAs. The present study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and immunophenotypical features, as well as methylation profiles, of IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs. Methods and results: An international multicentre series of surgically resected CrD-SBAs was tested for IDH1 mutation. Clinicopathological features, immunophenotypical marker expression and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) methylation were compared between IDH1-mutated and IDH1 wild-type CrD-SBAs. Ten (20%) of the 49 CrD-SBAs examined harboured an IDH1 mutation and all the mutated cancers harboured the R132C variant. Compared to IDH1 wild-type cases, IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs showed significantly lower rates of cytokeratin 7 expression (P = 0.005) and higher rates of p53 overexpression (P = 0.012) and MGMT methylation (P = 0.012). All three dysplastic growths associated with IDH1-mutated SBAs harboured the same IDH1 variant (R132C) of the corresponding invasive cancer, and all were of non-conventional subtype (two serrated dysplastic lesions and one goblet cell-deficient dysplasia). In particular, non-conventional serrated dysplasia was significantly associated with IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs (P = 0.029). No significant cancer-specific survival difference between IDH1-mutated CrD-SBA patients and IDH1 wild-type CrD-SBA patients was found (hazard ratio = 0.55, 95% confidence interval = 0.16–1.89; P = 0.313). Conclusions: IDH1-mutated CrD-SBAs, which represent approximately one-fifth of total cases, are characterised by distinctive immunophenotypical features and methylation profiles, with potential therapeutic implications. Moreover, IDH1-mutated non-conventional, serrated dysplasia is likely to represent a precursor lesion to such CrD-SBAs.
2024
2023
immune-mediated disorder; non-conventional dysplasia; small intestinal carcinoma
Guerini, C.; Furlan, D.; Ferrario, G.; Grillo, F.; Libera, L.; Arpa, G.; Klersy, C.; Lenti, M. V.; Riboni, R.; Solcia, E.; Fassan, M.; Mastracci, L.; ...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2167252
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