Introduction: Availability of new treatment strategies for patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) have changed clinical practice with potential influence in short-term patients' outcomes. We aimed at assessing contemporary anticoagulation strategies and mortality in patients with acute PE included in the prospective, non-interventional, multicentre, COntemporary management of PE study. Materials and methods: Anticoagulant treatment at admission, during hospital-stay, at discharge and at 30-day are described in the overall population and by clinical severity. Results: Overall, 5158 patients received anticoagulant treatment (99%); during the hospital-stay, 2298 received completely parenteral, 926 completely oral and 1934 parenteral followed by oral anticoagulation (1670 DOACs, 264 VKAs). Comorbidities and PE severity influenced the choice of in-hospital anticoagulation. The use of completely parenteral and completely oral anticoagulation varied based on PE severity. In patients treated with thrombolysis, DOACs were used in 46.4% and 80.1% during the hospital stay and at discharge, respectively. Death at 30 days occurred in 34.6% of patients not receiving anticoagulant treatment and in 1.5, 1.3, 3.4 and 8.1% of patients receiving completely oral, sequential with DOACs, sequential with VKAs and completely parenteral regimens, respectively. Increased mortality in patients receiving completely parenteral anticoagulation persisted after adjustment for PE severity. Completely oral anticoagulation was effective and safe also in patients at intermediate-high risk of death. Conclusions: Contemporary anticoagulation for acute PE includes parenteral agents in over 90% of patients; DOACs are used in the large majority of PE patients at discharge and their early use seems effective and safe also in selected intermediate-risk patients. Trial Registration number: NCT03631810

Contemporary anticoagulant treatment strategies in patients with acute pulmonary embolism at different risk for death

Dentali F.;Lucci D.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Availability of new treatment strategies for patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) have changed clinical practice with potential influence in short-term patients' outcomes. We aimed at assessing contemporary anticoagulation strategies and mortality in patients with acute PE included in the prospective, non-interventional, multicentre, COntemporary management of PE study. Materials and methods: Anticoagulant treatment at admission, during hospital-stay, at discharge and at 30-day are described in the overall population and by clinical severity. Results: Overall, 5158 patients received anticoagulant treatment (99%); during the hospital-stay, 2298 received completely parenteral, 926 completely oral and 1934 parenteral followed by oral anticoagulation (1670 DOACs, 264 VKAs). Comorbidities and PE severity influenced the choice of in-hospital anticoagulation. The use of completely parenteral and completely oral anticoagulation varied based on PE severity. In patients treated with thrombolysis, DOACs were used in 46.4% and 80.1% during the hospital stay and at discharge, respectively. Death at 30 days occurred in 34.6% of patients not receiving anticoagulant treatment and in 1.5, 1.3, 3.4 and 8.1% of patients receiving completely oral, sequential with DOACs, sequential with VKAs and completely parenteral regimens, respectively. Increased mortality in patients receiving completely parenteral anticoagulation persisted after adjustment for PE severity. Completely oral anticoagulation was effective and safe also in patients at intermediate-high risk of death. Conclusions: Contemporary anticoagulation for acute PE includes parenteral agents in over 90% of patients; DOACs are used in the large majority of PE patients at discharge and their early use seems effective and safe also in selected intermediate-risk patients. Trial Registration number: NCT03631810
2023
Anticoagulants; DOACs; Heparin; Pulmonary embolism; Venous thromboembolism
Becattini, C.; Agnelli, G.; Diamanti, M.; Maggioni, A. P.; Vanni, S.; Dentali, F.; Enea, I.; Bortolotti, P.; De Vecchi, M.; Artusi, N.; Picariello, C.; Nitti, C.; Lucci, D.; Gulizia, M. M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2167293
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