Objective: To compare safety and effectiveness of two-different directions of suturing the posterior vaginal breach (horizontal [Ho] vs vertical [Ve]) in women undergoing recto-vaginal endometriosis (RVE) nodule resection.Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, observational, cohort study was performed including all women of reproductive age undergoing RVE nodule resection between March 2013 and December 2018 at our tertiary centers. Patients included in the present study were divided into two groups based on the direction in suturing the posterior vaginal fornix defect, for comparisons in terms of rate of postoperative com-plications, pain relief, pain and anatomical recurrence, and length of hospital stay. Univariate comparisons were performed adopting the t test or the Mann- Whitney test for continuous data and the chi-square test or the Fisher exact test for categorical data, with a significant P value set to < 0.05.Results: A total of 101 women were included: 67 in the Ho- group and 34 in the Ve-group. The two groups did not significantly differ in length of hospital stay (6.7 +/- 6.9 vs 6.6 +/- 3.3 days; P = 0.95), overall postoperative complications (32.8% vs 14.7%; P = 0.05), pain recurrence (35.8% vs 26.5%; P = 0.34) and anatomical recurrence rate (19.4% vs 23.5%; P = 0.62). Conversely, grade III complications were significantly more common in the Ho- group than in the Ve- group (22.7% vs 20%, P = 0.009), while pain relief in terms of deep dyspareunia, dyschezia, dysuria and chronic pelvic pain was more consistent in the Ve- group patients (P = 0.04, 0.04, 0.05, 0.004, respectively).Conclusion: In symptomatic women undergoing RVE nodule resection, Ho suturing of the vaginal breach appears more commonly associated with severe postoperative complications and a worse pain control.

Horizontal versus vertical direction of posterior vaginal wall suture after eradication of rectovaginal endometriosis: A multicenter study

Travaglino, Antonio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To compare safety and effectiveness of two-different directions of suturing the posterior vaginal breach (horizontal [Ho] vs vertical [Ve]) in women undergoing recto-vaginal endometriosis (RVE) nodule resection.Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, observational, cohort study was performed including all women of reproductive age undergoing RVE nodule resection between March 2013 and December 2018 at our tertiary centers. Patients included in the present study were divided into two groups based on the direction in suturing the posterior vaginal fornix defect, for comparisons in terms of rate of postoperative com-plications, pain relief, pain and anatomical recurrence, and length of hospital stay. Univariate comparisons were performed adopting the t test or the Mann- Whitney test for continuous data and the chi-square test or the Fisher exact test for categorical data, with a significant P value set to < 0.05.Results: A total of 101 women were included: 67 in the Ho- group and 34 in the Ve-group. The two groups did not significantly differ in length of hospital stay (6.7 +/- 6.9 vs 6.6 +/- 3.3 days; P = 0.95), overall postoperative complications (32.8% vs 14.7%; P = 0.05), pain recurrence (35.8% vs 26.5%; P = 0.34) and anatomical recurrence rate (19.4% vs 23.5%; P = 0.62). Conversely, grade III complications were significantly more common in the Ho- group than in the Ve- group (22.7% vs 20%, P = 0.009), while pain relief in terms of deep dyspareunia, dyschezia, dysuria and chronic pelvic pain was more consistent in the Ve- group patients (P = 0.04, 0.04, 0.05, 0.004, respectively).Conclusion: In symptomatic women undergoing RVE nodule resection, Ho suturing of the vaginal breach appears more commonly associated with severe postoperative complications and a worse pain control.
2023
DIE; deep infiltrating endometriosis; minimally invasive; morbidity; surgery; suture
Turco, Luigi Carlo; Raimondo, Diego; Raffone, Antonio; Raimondo, Ivano; Vargiu, Virginia; Raspollini, Arianna; Travaglino, Antonio; Tinelli, Raffaele; Zanetti, Enrico; Ferrandina, Gabriella; Seracchioli, Renato; Casadio, Paolo; Scambia, Giovanni; Cosentino, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2167649
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