In locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC), definitive chemo-radiotherapy is the standard treatment, but chemo-radiotherapy followed by surgery could be an alternative choice in selected patients. We enrolled 244 patients affected by LACC and treated with CT-RT followed by surgery in order to assess the prognostic role of the histological response using the Mandard scoring system. Results: A complete pathological response (TRG 0) was observed in 118 patients (48.4%), rare residual cancer cells (TRG2) were found in 49 cases (20.1%), increased number of cancer cells but fibrosis still predominating (TRG3) in 35 cases (14.3%), and 42 (17.2%) were classified as non-responders (TRG4-5). TRG was significantly associated with both OS (p < 0.001) and PFS (p < 0.001). The survival curves highlighted two main prognostic groups: TRG1-TRG2 and TRG3-TRG4-5. Main responders (TRG1-2) showed a 92% 5-year overall survival (5y-OS) and a 75% 5-year disease free survival (5y-DFS). Minor or no responders showed a 48% 5y-OS and a 39% 5y-DFS. The two-tiered TRG was independently associated with both DFS and OS in Cox regression analysis. Conclusion. We showed that Mandard TRG is an independent prognostic factor in post-CT/RT LACC, with potential benefits in defining post-treatment adjuvant therapy.

Prognostic Value of Mandard’s Tumor Regression Grade (TRG) in Post Chemo-Radiotherapy Cervical Cancer

Travaglino, Antonio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

In locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC), definitive chemo-radiotherapy is the standard treatment, but chemo-radiotherapy followed by surgery could be an alternative choice in selected patients. We enrolled 244 patients affected by LACC and treated with CT-RT followed by surgery in order to assess the prognostic role of the histological response using the Mandard scoring system. Results: A complete pathological response (TRG 0) was observed in 118 patients (48.4%), rare residual cancer cells (TRG2) were found in 49 cases (20.1%), increased number of cancer cells but fibrosis still predominating (TRG3) in 35 cases (14.3%), and 42 (17.2%) were classified as non-responders (TRG4-5). TRG was significantly associated with both OS (p < 0.001) and PFS (p < 0.001). The survival curves highlighted two main prognostic groups: TRG1-TRG2 and TRG3-TRG4-5. Main responders (TRG1-2) showed a 92% 5-year overall survival (5y-OS) and a 75% 5-year disease free survival (5y-DFS). Minor or no responders showed a 48% 5y-OS and a 39% 5y-DFS. The two-tiered TRG was independently associated with both DFS and OS in Cox regression analysis. Conclusion. We showed that Mandard TRG is an independent prognostic factor in post-CT/RT LACC, with potential benefits in defining post-treatment adjuvant therapy.
2023
Mandard scoring system; locally advanced cervical cancer; prognostic stratification
Scaglione, Giulia; Arciuolo, Damiano; Travaglino, Antonio; Santoro, Angela; Angelico, Giuseppe; Spadola, Saveria; Inzani, Frediano; D’Alessandris, Nicoletta; Raffone, Antonio; Fulgione, Caterina; Padial Urtueta, Belen; Sfregola, Stefania; Valente, Michele; Addante, Francesca; D’Amati, Antonio; Cianfrini, Federica; Piermattei, Alessia; Pedone Anchora, Luigi; Scambia, Giovanni; Ferrandina, Gabriella; Zannoni, Gian
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2167654
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