A well-known high-school problem asking the final temperature of two spheres that are given the same amount of heat, one lying on a table and the other hanging from a thread, is re-examined. The conventional solution states that the sphere on the table ends up colder, since thermal expansion raises its center of mass. It is found that this solution violates the second law of thermodynamics and is therefore incorrect. Two different new solutions are proposed. The first uses statistical mechanics, while the second is based on purely classical thermodynamical arguments. It is found that gravity produces a counterintuitive effect on the heat capacity, and the new answer to the problem goes in the opposite direction of what traditionally thought.

### Effetto contro intuitivo della gravità sulla capacità termica di una sfera solida: riesame di un problema ben noto

#### Abstract

A well-known high-school problem asking the final temperature of two spheres that are given the same amount of heat, one lying on a table and the other hanging from a thread, is re-examined. The conventional solution states that the sphere on the table ends up colder, since thermal expansion raises its center of mass. It is found that this solution violates the second law of thermodynamics and is therefore incorrect. Two different new solutions are proposed. The first uses statistical mechanics, while the second is based on purely classical thermodynamical arguments. It is found that gravity produces a counterintuitive effect on the heat capacity, and the new answer to the problem goes in the opposite direction of what traditionally thought.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
2016
https://www.aif.it/articolo-rivista/effetto-contro-intuitivo-della-gravita-sulla-capacita-termica-di-una-sfera-solida-riesame-di-un-problema-ben-noto/
Giacomo De, Palma; Sormani, MATTIA CARLO
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2170749`