The earliest stages of star formation occur enshrouded in dust and are not observable in the optical. Here we leverage the extraordinary new high-resolution infrared imaging from JWST to begin the study of dust-embedded star clusters in nearby galaxies throughout the Local Volume. We present a technique for identifying dust-embedded clusters in NGC 7496 (18.7 Mpc), the first galaxy to be observed by the PHANGS-JWST Cycle 1 Treasury Survey. We select sources that have strong 3.3 mu m PAH emission based on a F300M - F335M color excess and identify 67 candidate embedded clusters. Only eight of these are found in the PHANGS-HST optically selected cluster catalog, and all are young (six have SED fit ages of similar to 1 Myr). We find that this sample of embedded cluster candidates may significantly increase the census of young clusters in NGC 7496 from the PHANGS-HST catalog; the number of clusters younger than similar to 2 Myr could be increased by a factor of 2. Candidates are preferentially located in dust lanes and are coincident with the peaks in the PHANGS-ALMA CO (2-1) maps. We take a first look at concentration indices, luminosity functions, SEDs spanning from 2700 angstrom to 21 mu m, and stellar masses (estimated to be between similar to 10(4) and 10(5) M (circle dot)). The methods tested here provide a basis for future work to derive accurate constraints on the physical properties of embedded clusters, characterize the completeness of cluster samples, and expand analysis to all 19 galaxies in the PHANGS-JWST sample, which will enable basic unsolved problems in star formation and cluster evolution to be addressed.

PHANGS-JWST First Results: Dust-embedded Star Clusters in NGC 7496 Selected via 3.3 μm PAH Emission

Sormani M;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The earliest stages of star formation occur enshrouded in dust and are not observable in the optical. Here we leverage the extraordinary new high-resolution infrared imaging from JWST to begin the study of dust-embedded star clusters in nearby galaxies throughout the Local Volume. We present a technique for identifying dust-embedded clusters in NGC 7496 (18.7 Mpc), the first galaxy to be observed by the PHANGS-JWST Cycle 1 Treasury Survey. We select sources that have strong 3.3 mu m PAH emission based on a F300M - F335M color excess and identify 67 candidate embedded clusters. Only eight of these are found in the PHANGS-HST optically selected cluster catalog, and all are young (six have SED fit ages of similar to 1 Myr). We find that this sample of embedded cluster candidates may significantly increase the census of young clusters in NGC 7496 from the PHANGS-HST catalog; the number of clusters younger than similar to 2 Myr could be increased by a factor of 2. Candidates are preferentially located in dust lanes and are coincident with the peaks in the PHANGS-ALMA CO (2-1) maps. We take a first look at concentration indices, luminosity functions, SEDs spanning from 2700 angstrom to 21 mu m, and stellar masses (estimated to be between similar to 10(4) and 10(5) M (circle dot)). The methods tested here provide a basis for future work to derive accurate constraints on the physical properties of embedded clusters, characterize the completeness of cluster samples, and expand analysis to all 19 galaxies in the PHANGS-JWST sample, which will enable basic unsolved problems in star formation and cluster evolution to be addressed.
2023
2023
Rodríguez, Mj; Lee, Jc; Whitmore, Bc; Thilker, Da; Maschmann, D; Chandar, R; Deger, S; Boquien, M; Dale, Da; Larson, Kl; Williams, Tg; Kim, H; Schinnerer, E; Rosolowsky, E; Leroy, Ak; Emsellem, E; Sandstrom, Km; Kruijssen, Jmd; Grasha, K; Watkins, Ej; Barnes, At; Sormani, M; Kim, J; Anand, Gs; Chevance, M; Bigiel, F; Klessen, Rs; Hassani, H; Liu, Dz; Faesi, Cm; Cao, Yx; Belfiore, F; Pessa, I; Kreckel, K; Groves, B; Pety, J; Indebetouw, R; Egorov, Ov; Blanc, Ga; Saito, T; Hughes, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2171016
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