Scintillation -based fiber dosimeters are a powerful tool for minimally invasive localized real-time monitoring of the dose rate during Low Dose Rate (LDR) and High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy (BT). This paper presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of such dosimeters, consisting of scintillating sensor tips attached to polymer optical fiber (POF). The sensor tips consist of inorganic scintillators, i.e. Gd2O2S:Tb for LDR-BT, and Y2O3:Eu+4YVO4:Eu for HDR-BT, dispersed in a polymer host. The shape and size of the tips are optimized using non -sequential ray tracing simulations towards maximizing the collection and coupling of the scintillation signal into the POF. They are then manufactured by means of a custom moulding process implemented on a commercial hot embossing machine, paving the way towards series production. Dosimetry experiments in water phantoms show that both the HDR-BT and LDR-BT sensors feature good consistency in the magnitude of the average photon count rate and that the photon count rate signal is not significantly affected by variations in sensor tip composition and geometry. Whilst individual calibration remains necessary, the proposed dosimeters show great potential for in -vivo dosimetry for brachytherapy.

Mass-manufacturable scintillation-based optical fiber dosimeters for brachytherapy

Giaz, Agnese;Santoro, Romualdo;Caccia, Massimo;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Scintillation -based fiber dosimeters are a powerful tool for minimally invasive localized real-time monitoring of the dose rate during Low Dose Rate (LDR) and High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy (BT). This paper presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of such dosimeters, consisting of scintillating sensor tips attached to polymer optical fiber (POF). The sensor tips consist of inorganic scintillators, i.e. Gd2O2S:Tb for LDR-BT, and Y2O3:Eu+4YVO4:Eu for HDR-BT, dispersed in a polymer host. The shape and size of the tips are optimized using non -sequential ray tracing simulations towards maximizing the collection and coupling of the scintillation signal into the POF. They are then manufactured by means of a custom moulding process implemented on a commercial hot embossing machine, paving the way towards series production. Dosimetry experiments in water phantoms show that both the HDR-BT and LDR-BT sensors feature good consistency in the magnitude of the average photon count rate and that the photon count rate signal is not significantly affected by variations in sensor tip composition and geometry. Whilst individual calibration remains necessary, the proposed dosimeters show great potential for in -vivo dosimetry for brachytherapy.
2024
2024
Brachytherapy; Compression moulding; Inorganic scintillators; Optical fiber; Radiation sensor
Gierej, Agnieszka; Baghdasaryan, Tigran; Martyn, Michael; Woulfe, Peter; Mc Laughlin, Owen; Prise, Kevin; Workman, Geraldine; O'Keeffe, Sinead; Rochlitz, Kurt; Verlinski, Sergey; Giaz, Agnese; Santoro, Romualdo; Caccia, Massimo; Berghmans, Francis; Van Erps, Jürgen
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2171933
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