Background: Topical photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL-PDT) is a non-surgical treatment for actinic keratoses, Bowen's disease and basal cell carcinoma. MAL-PDT is particularly useful in elderly patients, who often present co-morbidities and/or in whom surgical excision could be contraindicated. MAL-PDT is generally well tolerated; the most frequent acute adverse events include pain and burning sensation localized to the treatment area. We describe our observation of the occurrence of acute postoperative hypertension (APH) and hypertensive crisis, after a MAL-PDT. Methods: BP measurement was taken twice at 2-min intervals, both before and shortly after the MAL-PDT session. APH was defined as an increase in systolic BP by more than 20% or an increase in diastolic BP to above 110mmHg. Hypertensive crisis was defined as a systolic BP ≥180mmHg or a diastolic BP ≥110mmHg, with or without acute target organ involvement. Results: Prevalence of post-MAL-PDT APH was 22%; 11% of patients developed hypertensive crisis after MAL-PDT, requiring immediate treatment. Conclusion: We highlight the importance of blood pressure measurement both before and after MAL-PDT session to identify high-risk patients and to prevent potentially severe organ involvement subsequent to hypertensive crisis.

Risk of acute postoperative hypertension after topical photodynamic therapy for non-melanoma skin cancer

Carugno, A;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Background: Topical photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL-PDT) is a non-surgical treatment for actinic keratoses, Bowen's disease and basal cell carcinoma. MAL-PDT is particularly useful in elderly patients, who often present co-morbidities and/or in whom surgical excision could be contraindicated. MAL-PDT is generally well tolerated; the most frequent acute adverse events include pain and burning sensation localized to the treatment area. We describe our observation of the occurrence of acute postoperative hypertension (APH) and hypertensive crisis, after a MAL-PDT. Methods: BP measurement was taken twice at 2-min intervals, both before and shortly after the MAL-PDT session. APH was defined as an increase in systolic BP by more than 20% or an increase in diastolic BP to above 110mmHg. Hypertensive crisis was defined as a systolic BP ≥180mmHg or a diastolic BP ≥110mmHg, with or without acute target organ involvement. Results: Prevalence of post-MAL-PDT APH was 22%; 11% of patients developed hypertensive crisis after MAL-PDT, requiring immediate treatment. Conclusion: We highlight the importance of blood pressure measurement both before and after MAL-PDT session to identify high-risk patients and to prevent potentially severe organ involvement subsequent to hypertensive crisis.
2013
2013
Adverse event; Arterial hypertension; Methyl aminolevulinate; Non-melanoma skin cancer; Photodynamic therapy
Borroni, Rg; Carugno, A; Rivetti, N; Arbustini, E; Brazzelli, V
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Borroni-2013-Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed-VoR.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 119.62 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
119.62 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2174426
 Attenzione

L'Ateneo sottopone a validazione solo i file PDF allegati

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact