To address the subtle interactions between antiviral cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) immune responses and the evolution of viral quasispecies variants in vivo, we performed a longitudinal study in a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaque that had a long experimental SIV infection before developing simian AIDS. Before being infected with SIV, this animal was immunized with a mixture of seven lipopeptides derived from SIV Nef and Gag proteins and showed a bispecific antiviral CTL response directed toward Nef 169-178 and 211-225 peptides. After SIV infection, CTL activity against the Nef 169-178 epitope was no longer detectable, as assessed from peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated by autologous SIV. CTL activity against the 211-225 epitope was lost after 3 months, and an additional CTL response to the amino acids 112-119 Nef epitope emerged. Analysis of the Nef proviral sequence revealed the presence of immune escape variants first in the 211-225 epitope and much later in the 112-119 epitope. In contrast, epitope 169-178 showed only two mutations among all viral sequencing performed. We conclude that in this macaque, bispecific CTL exerted a strong selective pressure and escape virus mutants finally emerged. We identified CTL recognizing a conserved Nef epitope 112-119 (SYKLAIDM), essential for viral replication, which could be associated with a prolonged AIDS-free period. These results stress the importance of the induction of broader multispecific CTLs directed against highly conserved and functional T-cell epitopes by vaccination, with the aim of keeping HIV infection in check.

Temporal loss of Nef-epitope CTL recognition following macaque lipopeptide immunization and SIV challenge.

MORTARA, LORENZO;
2000

Abstract

To address the subtle interactions between antiviral cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) immune responses and the evolution of viral quasispecies variants in vivo, we performed a longitudinal study in a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaque that had a long experimental SIV infection before developing simian AIDS. Before being infected with SIV, this animal was immunized with a mixture of seven lipopeptides derived from SIV Nef and Gag proteins and showed a bispecific antiviral CTL response directed toward Nef 169-178 and 211-225 peptides. After SIV infection, CTL activity against the Nef 169-178 epitope was no longer detectable, as assessed from peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated by autologous SIV. CTL activity against the 211-225 epitope was lost after 3 months, and an additional CTL response to the amino acids 112-119 Nef epitope emerged. Analysis of the Nef proviral sequence revealed the presence of immune escape variants first in the 211-225 epitope and much later in the 112-119 epitope. In contrast, epitope 169-178 showed only two mutations among all viral sequencing performed. We conclude that in this macaque, bispecific CTL exerted a strong selective pressure and escape virus mutants finally emerged. We identified CTL recognizing a conserved Nef epitope 112-119 (SYKLAIDM), essential for viral replication, which could be associated with a prolonged AIDS-free period. These results stress the importance of the induction of broader multispecific CTLs directed against highly conserved and functional T-cell epitopes by vaccination, with the aim of keeping HIV infection in check.
vaccination, lipopeptides, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, viral escape mutants, Nef protein
Mortara, Lorenzo; F., Letourneur; P., Villefroy; C., Beyer; H., GRAS MASSE; J. G., Guillet; I., BOURGAULT VILLADA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/5046
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