We investigate the form and stability of a cloud of atoms confined in a harmonic trap when the scattering length is negative. We find that, besides the known low-density metastable solution, a different branch of Bose condensate appears at higher density when nonlocality effects in the attractive part are taken into account. The transition between the two classes of solutions as a function of the number [Formula Presented] of atoms can be either sharp or smooth according to the strength and range of the attractive interaction. Use of tight traps is favorable for investigating the evolution of the system, as the strength of the effective interaction increases with [Formula Presented]. © 1998 The American Physical Society.

Structure and stability of bosonic clouds: Alkaki-metal atoms with negative scattering length

PAROLA, ALBERTO;
1998-01-01

Abstract

We investigate the form and stability of a cloud of atoms confined in a harmonic trap when the scattering length is negative. We find that, besides the known low-density metastable solution, a different branch of Bose condensate appears at higher density when nonlocality effects in the attractive part are taken into account. The transition between the two classes of solutions as a function of the number [Formula Presented] of atoms can be either sharp or smooth according to the strength and range of the attractive interaction. Use of tight traps is favorable for investigating the evolution of the system, as the strength of the effective interaction increases with [Formula Presented]. © 1998 The American Physical Society.
1998
Parola, Alberto; Salasnich, L; Reatto, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/6524
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