The paper investigates the diversified patterns of outsourcing in the Lombardy region and relates them to the probability of introducing product and process innovation. Based on a large firm-level survey, we show that outsourcing processes are strongly regionally embedded and that offshoring is still a limited phenomenon. Outsourcing strategies are shown to be positively related to firms’ innovation. In particular, the outsourcing of service activities is mostly related to product innovation, thus suggesting that firms successfully pursue core strengthening strategies. Our econometric estimates show that both geographical and organizational proximity matter. Indeed, the positive association of services with innovation is strongly related to their regional dimension, which points toward the importance of local user-producer relationships. When outsourcing crosses national borders, keeping the outsourced activities within extended organizational boundaries (i.e. within the group or network of affiliates) appears relevant, particularly with reference to R&D activities

Innovation and the geographical and organisational dimensions of outsourcing: Evidence from Italian firm level data

CUSMANO, LUCIA;
2009

Abstract

The paper investigates the diversified patterns of outsourcing in the Lombardy region and relates them to the probability of introducing product and process innovation. Based on a large firm-level survey, we show that outsourcing processes are strongly regionally embedded and that offshoring is still a limited phenomenon. Outsourcing strategies are shown to be positively related to firms’ innovation. In particular, the outsourcing of service activities is mostly related to product innovation, thus suggesting that firms successfully pursue core strengthening strategies. Our econometric estimates show that both geographical and organizational proximity matter. Indeed, the positive association of services with innovation is strongly related to their regional dimension, which points toward the importance of local user-producer relationships. When outsourcing crosses national borders, keeping the outsourced activities within extended organizational boundaries (i.e. within the group or network of affiliates) appears relevant, particularly with reference to R&D activities
Product Innovation; Process Innovation; Outsourcing; Offshoring
Cusmano, Lucia; M. L., Mancusi; A., Morrison
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/6969
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