Abstract Asthma is characterized by increased airway responsiveness and airway inflammation. Airway hyperresponsiveness may be caused by increased airway smooth muscle contractility or by a decrease in the mechanical load that opposes airway smooth muscle contraction. Under static conditions, the equilibrium between contractility and load will determine the final airway smooth muscle length and therefore airway caliber. Because of tidal breathing, however, lungs normally function under dynamic conditions where both airway contractility and opposing load are affected. The capability of tidal breathing to appropriately modulate airway function might be the mechanism that differentiates airways of asthmatics from those of normal subjects.

Tidal breathing affects airway responsiveness to methacholine.

SPANEVELLO, ANTONIO
2001

Abstract

Abstract Asthma is characterized by increased airway responsiveness and airway inflammation. Airway hyperresponsiveness may be caused by increased airway smooth muscle contractility or by a decrease in the mechanical load that opposes airway smooth muscle contraction. Under static conditions, the equilibrium between contractility and load will determine the final airway smooth muscle length and therefore airway caliber. Because of tidal breathing, however, lungs normally function under dynamic conditions where both airway contractility and opposing load are affected. The capability of tidal breathing to appropriately modulate airway function might be the mechanism that differentiates airways of asthmatics from those of normal subjects.
AIRWAY RESPONSIVENESS - AIRWAY SMOOTH MUSCLE - TIDAL BREATHING - ASTHMA
Salerno, Fg; Guido, P; Spanevello, Antonio
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Salerno FG, Guido P, Spanevello A et al. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2001.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 19.71 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
19.71 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/9033
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact