The human promyelocytic U937 cells express detectable levels of MHC class II (MHC-II) molecules. Treatment with 12-o--tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA), inducing macrophage-like differentiation, produces a dramatic decrease of MHC-II expression as result of down-modulation of the activation of immune response gene 1 (AIR-1)- encoded MHC-II transactivator (CIITA). This event is specific, as MHC class I remains unaffected. Similar results are observed with U937 cells expressing an exogenous fulllength CIITA. Molecular studies demonstrate that TPA treatment affects the stability of CIITA mRNA rather than CIITA transcription. Importantly, cis-acting elements within the distal 650 bp of the 1035-bp 30 untranslated region (30UTR, nucleotides 3509–4543) are associated to transcript instability. Transcription inhibitors actinomycin D and 5,6-dichlororibofuranosyl benzimidazole, and the translation inhibitor cycloheximide significantly rescue the accumulation of CIITA mRNA in TPA-treated cells. A similar effect is also observed after treatment with staurosporine and the PKC-specific inhibitor GF109203X. The instability of CIITA mRNA produced by TPA in U937 cells is not seen in B cells. These results demonstrate the presence of an additional level of control of MHC-II expression in the macrophage cell lineage depending upon the control of CIITA mRNA stability, most likely mediated by differentiation-induced, 30UTR-interacting factors which require kinase activity for their destabilizing function.

The MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) mRNA stability is critical for the HLA class II gene expression in differentiating myelomonocytic cells.

DE LERMA BARBARO, ANDREA;MORTARA, LORENZO;TOSI, GIOVANNA;ACCOLLA, ROBERTO
2005-01-01

Abstract

The human promyelocytic U937 cells express detectable levels of MHC class II (MHC-II) molecules. Treatment with 12-o--tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA), inducing macrophage-like differentiation, produces a dramatic decrease of MHC-II expression as result of down-modulation of the activation of immune response gene 1 (AIR-1)- encoded MHC-II transactivator (CIITA). This event is specific, as MHC class I remains unaffected. Similar results are observed with U937 cells expressing an exogenous fulllength CIITA. Molecular studies demonstrate that TPA treatment affects the stability of CIITA mRNA rather than CIITA transcription. Importantly, cis-acting elements within the distal 650 bp of the 1035-bp 30 untranslated region (30UTR, nucleotides 3509–4543) are associated to transcript instability. Transcription inhibitors actinomycin D and 5,6-dichlororibofuranosyl benzimidazole, and the translation inhibitor cycloheximide significantly rescue the accumulation of CIITA mRNA in TPA-treated cells. A similar effect is also observed after treatment with staurosporine and the PKC-specific inhibitor GF109203X. The instability of CIITA mRNA produced by TPA in U937 cells is not seen in B cells. These results demonstrate the presence of an additional level of control of MHC-II expression in the macrophage cell lineage depending upon the control of CIITA mRNA stability, most likely mediated by differentiation-induced, 30UTR-interacting factors which require kinase activity for their destabilizing function.
2005
MHC, gene regulation, monocytes, transcription factors, hematopoiesis
DE LERMA BARBARO, Andrea; Procopio, F. A.; Mortara, Lorenzo; Tosi, Giovanna; Accolla, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/1498707
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