A patient described as a 45,X male (Forabosco et al. 1977) was examined for the presence of Y-specific DNA by using various probes detecting restriction fragments from different regions of the Y chromosome. Positive hybridization signals were obtained for Yp fragments only. In situ hybridization with two different probes, pDP31 and the pseudoautosomal probe 113F, led to a clear assignment of the Yp sequences to the short arm of one chromosome 18. Cytogenetically, the presence of all of Yp including the Y centromere on 18p could be demonstrated replacing a segment of similar size of 18p. Thus, the Y/18 translocation chromosome is dicentric structurally, but it was shown to be monocentric functionally with the no. 18 centromere active. Gene dosage studies with the probe B74 defining a sequence at 18p11.3 demonstrated a single dose of this sequence in the patient. In agreement with these observations, the patient shows clinical signs of the 18p-syndrome. It is concluded that in XO males in general, the X is of maternal origin while the maleness is due to a de novo Y/autosome translocation derived from the father. Depending on the nature of the autosomal deficiency caused by the Y/autosome translocation, the patient may have congenital malformations

A 45, X male with a Yp/18 translocation.

MASERATI, EMANUELA;PASQUALI, FRANCESCO;
1986

Abstract

A patient described as a 45,X male (Forabosco et al. 1977) was examined for the presence of Y-specific DNA by using various probes detecting restriction fragments from different regions of the Y chromosome. Positive hybridization signals were obtained for Yp fragments only. In situ hybridization with two different probes, pDP31 and the pseudoautosomal probe 113F, led to a clear assignment of the Yp sequences to the short arm of one chromosome 18. Cytogenetically, the presence of all of Yp including the Y centromere on 18p could be demonstrated replacing a segment of similar size of 18p. Thus, the Y/18 translocation chromosome is dicentric structurally, but it was shown to be monocentric functionally with the no. 18 centromere active. Gene dosage studies with the probe B74 defining a sequence at 18p11.3 demonstrated a single dose of this sequence in the patient. In agreement with these observations, the patient shows clinical signs of the 18p-syndrome. It is concluded that in XO males in general, the X is of maternal origin while the maleness is due to a de novo Y/autosome translocation derived from the father. Depending on the nature of the autosomal deficiency caused by the Y/autosome translocation, the patient may have congenital malformations
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1706190
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