The successful clinical use of implants with microrough titanium surfaces has paved the way for the further development of surface topographies to promote enhanced peri-implant bone apposition during the early stages of bone regeneration. The aim of this study is to determine the torque resistance of the implant-bone interface of plasma sprayed titanium endosseous implants placed in the rabbit tibia in three different situations. Hydroxyapatite (HA) particles with a size ranging from 250 to 450 microm were used in the present study to fill out 6 mm bony defects created in rabbit tibia. Fourteen mature New Zealand white male rabbits, weighing about 2.5 Kg., were used in this study. The test sites were filled with HA and the non-grafted sites were used as control. A total of 28 bone defects (14 without HA and 14 with HA.) were created. Implants with plasma-spray surface were subsequently inserted. Six additional rabbits were used; in these animals no bone defects were created. The implant sites were divided into three groups: 1) implants inserted in the tibia without bone defects; 2) implants inserted in the tibia with bone defects not filled with HA; 3) implants inserted in the tibia with bone defects filled with HA particles. The purpose of this study is to measure reverse-torque in three different situations of clinically similar implant geometry in the articulation of rabbits. The null hypothesis stated that there is a difference in reversal torque between the bone regeneration with HA, native bone and bone defect without bone regeneration. Additionally, comparison between these 6-month data and the 3-month data from a previous study led to the following conclusions: a significant difference exists in the removed torque for the TPS implants in the bone regenerated by HA and native bone; increase in removal torque values was seen for the implant inserted in bone regenerated by HA compared to the implant nated in bone without biomaterials. In conclusion, bone regenerated with biomaterials possesses different mechanical characteristics to native bone.

Removal torque values of titanium implants inserted into bone defects filled with hydroxyapatite: a histologic and histomorphometric analysis in rabbit.

MANGANO, CARLO;
2007

Abstract

The successful clinical use of implants with microrough titanium surfaces has paved the way for the further development of surface topographies to promote enhanced peri-implant bone apposition during the early stages of bone regeneration. The aim of this study is to determine the torque resistance of the implant-bone interface of plasma sprayed titanium endosseous implants placed in the rabbit tibia in three different situations. Hydroxyapatite (HA) particles with a size ranging from 250 to 450 microm were used in the present study to fill out 6 mm bony defects created in rabbit tibia. Fourteen mature New Zealand white male rabbits, weighing about 2.5 Kg., were used in this study. The test sites were filled with HA and the non-grafted sites were used as control. A total of 28 bone defects (14 without HA and 14 with HA.) were created. Implants with plasma-spray surface were subsequently inserted. Six additional rabbits were used; in these animals no bone defects were created. The implant sites were divided into three groups: 1) implants inserted in the tibia without bone defects; 2) implants inserted in the tibia with bone defects not filled with HA; 3) implants inserted in the tibia with bone defects filled with HA particles. The purpose of this study is to measure reverse-torque in three different situations of clinically similar implant geometry in the articulation of rabbits. The null hypothesis stated that there is a difference in reversal torque between the bone regeneration with HA, native bone and bone defect without bone regeneration. Additionally, comparison between these 6-month data and the 3-month data from a previous study led to the following conclusions: a significant difference exists in the removed torque for the TPS implants in the bone regenerated by HA and native bone; increase in removal torque values was seen for the implant inserted in bone regenerated by HA compared to the implant nated in bone without biomaterials. In conclusion, bone regenerated with biomaterials possesses different mechanical characteristics to native bone.
Animals, Dental Implants, Device Removal, Durapatite, Implants; Experimental, Male, Osseointegration, Rabbits, Titanium, Torque
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1746161
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