This paper describes the effect of the composition of rutile-type Sn/V/Nb/Sb mixed oxides catalysts on the catalytic performance in the gas-phase ammoxidation of propane to acrylonitrile. The variation in the atomic ratio between components in catalysts is the key for the control of activity and selectivity. In samples with atomic composition Sn/V/Nb/Sb 1/0.2/1/x (0 x 5) and 1/0.2/y/3 (0 y 3) several compounds formed, i.e., SnO2, Sb/Nbmixed oxide, Sb6O13 and non-stoichiometric rutile-type V/Nb/Sb/O; the latter segregated preferentially at the surface of the catalyst. Tin oxide provided the rutile matrix for the dispersion of the mixed oxides. The main role of Sb was shown to generate mixed oxides containing specific sites for the allylic ammoxidation of propylene intermediately formed. The presence of Nb enhanced the activity and selectivity of these sites.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||The control of catalytic performance of rutile-type Sn/V/Nb/Sb mixed oxides, catalysts for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.cattod.2008.04.044|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000259566400016|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-50049126096|
|Parole Chiave:||propane ammoxidation; acrylonitrile; rutile mixed oxides; tin/vanadium/antimonium mixed oxides|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|